Industrial Revolution.docx

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Department
History
Course
HISTORY 101
Professor
Olsen
Semester
Spring

Description
Industrial Revolution 1. Introduction 2. The Industrial Revolution in England A- Why England B- Textiles C- Coal and Iron D- Railways 3. The Industrial Revolution on the Continent A- The Continent as a Late Bloomer B- An Infrastructure of Change 4. Changing Social Structure A-The Aristocracy B- The Middle Class C- The New Working Class. Terms: Spinning Jenny Coal and Iron Railways Industrialization of the Continent(diff. between England) The Middle Classes(New Class) A) -Main turning point that catapults us into modern world. – overturns accepted way of doing work. -Beginning around 1780 ~ 100 years long -from rural Artisan production and Agriculture Economy to Urban, Large Scale Manufacturing, Capitalism. -Machine speeds up work and increases complexity. -Some call is Industrious revolution -Critic- Nothing new, not a moment of change, gradual shift. -Outcome of Overseas exploration and small assembly lines to be expanded. -New Tech. didn’t immidiatly replace its lesser counterpart. -Small Leavers, as well as Factories. – Factory has better prices, Leavers need to specialize to make what factories cannot. Great Britain: - take off point for revolution -Had combination of natural, economic resources that were at right place at right time. -isolated, small, rich in coal, well developed canal/river system. -Roots of Industrialization in Agriculture. -Mid 1800 – Agriculture had been commercialized – accomplished through new crops and holding property – big company owns lane which farmers farmed, lessened farmers. - Jobless farmers move to towns to find jobs = cheap labor. -Had established banks. Insurance, investments, stock exchange, loans. - New position- import cheap materials & export finished good at higher price. – many had deals to only trade with England. Textiles: - First Innovation- Cotton industry- High terrifs kept cotton from coming in from outside(like india) – to get more local cotton grown. -1733- John Kay – Flying Shuttle- Sped up weaving process- but not spinning. -1764- Spinning Jenny- Jame Hargeaves- 16x manufacturing speed of normal spinning. -1769- Richard Arkwrites- Water Frame- Long/Lat weaving quickened to created larger cloth. - 1779- Spinning Mule- Combined all three together to produce 6-24 times of yarn. American contribution- 1793- Cotton Gin- separation of cotton seeds from fibers -Beginning of 1800’s – small ebough to be found in cottage. – grew in size and placed next to water(water powered mills) -Steam Engine allows factories to locate away from rivers. - Commercial centers in larger cities in North England and South Scotland grow. -Brit. Cotton = cheap. Manufactured cloth= price drop -Western Clothing is transformed, from wool to cotton. (cotton easier to take care) -Poe- Lamented about english country side changed by mills(smokey) -Working conditions- awful- tyranny of w
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