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Class Notes for Linguistics at College of William & Mary

Exam Study Guides for Linguistics Courses

Covers all exam topics.

LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Midland American English, Appalachian English, Transitive Relation

4/17 Monday, April 17, 2017 3:32 PM Sociolinguistics • Sociolinguistics explores ○ The connections between language and society ○ How the use of language varies according to different social fact...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Natural-Language Processing, Optical Character Recognition, Relationship Extraction

4/10 Monday, April 10, 2017 3:31 PM Computational Methods in Language Science • We have technologyavailable to us 24/7 ○ Smartphones, alarms, emails, texts, GPS, smart-watch,tablets, laptops/computers,Redbo...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Phrase Structure Rules, William Faulkner, Explanatory Power

4/3 Monday, April 3, 2017 3:35 PM • Q: Why should we care about phrase structure rules (PSRs) • A: PSRs have both descriptiveand explanatory power ○ Descriptivepower ▪ PSRs capture linea...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Robin Lakoff, Grammatical Gender, Gender Studies

4/24 Tuesday, April 25, 2017 2:12 PM Gender and Language 3 Case Studies • Does Donald Trump speak like a woman? • The war on gender biases in language • Thanks Obama (for the sexist microaggressions) Accordi...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Dog Bite, Binoculars, Juvenile Court

4/5 Wednesday, April 5, 2017 3:29 PM • Complement- required ○ Sister to the head (thing that gives a phrase its name, e.g. a verb in a verb phrase) • Adjunct - optional ○ Sister to the phrase ...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Forensic Linguistics, Data Analysis

4/12 Wednesday, April 12, 2017 3:33 PM Forensic Linguistics • Term that can be used to apply to any interface between language and the law • It has three separate strands ○ Legal language: the reasons b...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Phrase Structure Grammar, Phrase Structure Rules, Cleft Sentence

4/26 Wednesday, April 26, 2017 3:31 PM Final Review • Syntax trees with a question? ○ S -> Aux S. ○ Aux - will ○ NP - the man ○ VP - eat cake ○ A sentence just has to follow...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Bilabial Nasal, Front Vowel, Mental Representation

213 Wednesday, February 15, 2017 3:29 PM Phonology Sounds dont just exist Phonology how are sounds mentally represented and organized? What is phonology? The study of sound patterns Last few weeks:tools to describe sounds...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Articulatory Phonetics, Steven Pinker, Auditory Phonetics

130 Monday, January 30, 2017 3:32 PM Phonetics: The Sounds of Language Phonetics:an introduction Phones (sounds) how they are produced and classified Goal: develop a system for precisely describing sounds Why study speech...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Free Variation, Minimal Pair, Phoneme

215 Wednesday, February 15, 2017 3:57 PM Why do we care about these processes? Consider the following words: butter, stop, top Intuition: all involve same sound t But phonological processeschange t depending on environment...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Phoneme, Mental Representation, Voiced Alveolar Fricative

222 Wednesday, February 22, 2017 3:29 PM Phonological Rules What have we learned so far? Our goal: determine whether two sounds are phonemes or allophones of the same phoneme This tells us about the mental organization of ...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Vocal Tract, Tenseness

21 Wednesday, February 1, 2017 3:28 PM Vowels Little restriction of the airflow Quality depends on the shape of the vocal tract Quality also impacted by simultaneous factors Position of the tongue (low vs. high) Roundness ...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Vocal Folds, Syllable, Tenseness

26 Monday, February 6, 2017 3:33 PM Tense vs. lax vowels Tense: vowel sound has peripheral position in vowel space Greater tension of tongue muscles Longer in duration Lax: vowel sound more central Tests Lax vowelsmust be ...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Discourse Analysis, This Is The One, Preposition And Postposition

123 Thursday, November 3, 2016 10:07 AM What LinguisticsIs, and What It Isnt Trying to figure out how its possible that humans can acquire language How does it use language? What are its implications? We can transfer compl...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
LING 220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Steven Pinker, Affix, Lexical Decision Task

227 Monday, February 27, 2017 3:30 PM Morphology Words The Legos of language But linguists break down words into even smaller pieces The small pieces and how they fit together= morphology Our knowledgeof words is vast How ...

Linguistics
LING 220
Dan Parker
Understanding the Short Story - Reference Guides

Award Winning Professors Series 2Understanding The Short Story3Understanding The Short Story Understanding The Short StoryUnderstanding The Short Story TM permacharts THE EVOLUTION OF THE SHORT STORY (cont.)STEPS TO ANALYS...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Twelfth Night - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Twelfth Night StructureJust the Facts AIN PLOTARALLEL PLOTSILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MPW Act IIntroduction Main characters and actions are introduced The Duke, Olivia,The Romantic Plot involves Orsino, Olivia, and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Romeo & Juliet - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Romeo Juliet StructureBackgroundJust the Facts AIN PLOTIMEILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MTW Act I Introduction Warring feud between Capulets and Montagues Born 1564; died 1616 Play occurs over a period of 5 days in mi...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Composition - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Composition English Composition 2nd EDITION THE SENTENCE Sentencesform the basis for written language and composition A sentence is a group of words that forms a complete thought It is easier to expr...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Grammar - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Grammar English Grammar 2nd EDITION PARTS OF SPEECHSENTENCE TYPES A sentenceis a group of words that can stand DJECTIVESONJUNCTIONS AC on its own as a completed thought; it begins Describe nouns and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Verbs - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Verbs English Verbs 2nd EDITION PRESENT TENSEPHRASAL VERBS A phrasal verbis a two part verb IMPLE PRESENT S consisting of a verb and a particle Expresses daily habits or usual Expresses general factu...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English as a Second Language - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English as a Second Language English as a Second Language 2nd EDITION BASIC SENTENCE REQUIREMENTSSUBJECTVERB AGREEMENT All sentences must begin with a capital letter A verb must agree with its subject in per...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors

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