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September 12- HIST.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1002
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
September 12 thEurope at the Dawn of the 20 Century II SocietiesEconomiesIn1900societiesstrongerandmorepowerfulthanin1800soThiseconomicstrengthmadeEuropethemostpowerfulintheworldatthistimeoEconomicstrengthnationalstrengthoEconomicpowercontributedmotiveandopportunityforEuropeancountriestoexpandtheirempireoEconomicstrengthfairlyrecentwhencomparedtoAsiaforexamplethoOnlythelate19centurythatEuropebecamemorepowerfulthanChinaandIndiaimportantconsequencesforglobalpoweroHowthiscametobeoHoweconomicchangesaffectdailylifethThinkingaboutIndustrializationinthe19centuryEconomiesstrongbecauseofindustrializationWentfromagriculturallybasedmajoritylivedinruralareasliveonwhattheyproducefarmsetcGoodsmadebyhandorsmallmachinesandnotmadeinbigquantitiestoindustrialproductionmorepeopleliveinurbanareasworkinnewrangesofworkplacesfactorieslargerandmorecomplexmachinerygoodsproducedindifferentwaysnewtechnologyandorganizationnewsourcesofpowerpeopleabletoproducemoregoodsingreaterquantitycheaperhigherpowerabletomakemoremoneyIndustrializationasaprocessfromagriculturaleconomiesstateinvolvedindifferentkindsofwaysdifferentcountriesinvolvedBritainfirstcountrytoindustrialize17801850Firstindustrialexhibitionin1851BritainindustrializedsoquicklythatthisiscalledtheindustrialrevolutionstressingrevolutionarychangesineconomyandsocietyNewwaysofmakingtextilesmadeoutofcottonlinensilketcmajormotorofindustrialrevolutionPreindustrialEuropemadetextilesoutofsmallmachinesspinningmilllateth19centurymachinerygrewexWeaverataloomcommonsetupinhomesTextilemanufacturersdiscoveredthatyoucouldmakemorewithmoremachineryexMillsworkersnolongerworkinhomesbuttraveltofactoriespunishedifnotobeyingrulesundercontrolofhigherpowerlonghoursemployedwomenandchildrenforlowerlabourcostsmassproductionAsindustrialrevolutiongrewnewindustrieswereformedandmadeimportantthatdidntexistbeforenewtypesofindustrializedagricultureexMechanizedtractorstoplantharvestmorequicklythLate19century1880sEuropeenteredsecondindustrialrevolutionoNewindustriesemergenceofchemicalindustryelectricalindustrybiggerfactoriesworldsfirstsupercorporationworldsfirstdepartmentstoresironsteelglassmajormaterialsinindustrialrevolutionoAutomotiveindustryexMercedesBenzGermancompanyoGermanybecameimportantpowerandUSAoTakesplaceatdifferentmomentsindifferentwaysindifferentcountriesoBritainindustrializedfirstrapidlyandbecamefirstworldpoweroFrancekeptsmallerindustriesfocusesonproductionofluxurygoodsnotasbigquantitiesoRussiastartstoindustrializethestateisveryinvolvedoSomepartsofthecountryaremoreindustrializedthanothersexCanadaMontrealwasmuchmoreindustrializedthanruralpartsofQuebecoNewtypesofproductionandcorporationpeoplelostjobsbecausetheycouldntcompetewithindustryoTermsLoomhandloomweavingtextilemillfactoryThinkingaboutIndustrialSocietyChangeswherepeoplelivewhattheyworewhattheydidintheirleisuretimehowtocommunicateetcTheriseofcitiesoPeopleleaveagriculturalareastocitiesareasbecomemoreurbanizedoAgriculturalareasSometimestheymovefromareatoareadependingontimeofyearandworkmigrantsoSomepeopleleaveEuropealtogethermaygotocoloniesexUSACanadaAustraliaoCitiesgrewinpopulationLondonParisoPopOfParisfrom500000tooveramillionoIfcitywasoldoldbuildingscombinedwithnewbadsanitaryconditionsareaswithpovertyoWhenpeoplehavetospendmoneyonfoodinsteadofgrowingitthemselvespovertyanddiseasearisethoAs19centurycontinuessomepowersstartedtoremakecitiesespeciallycapitalssuchasLondonandParismademoreefficientparksmadeoMidnineteenthcenturyParisrebuiltpushedpoorpeopleoutmovingtroopsmoreeasilyNewmethodsoftransportationMostimportantrailroadsmovedpeoplemuchmorequicklyandefficientlythanhorsesmovedgoodsmorefortradeandbettereconomyTrainissymbolforindustrializationRailroadsconstructedbetween18501880rapidTrainsconnectdifferentpartsofcountriesNewwaysofgettingaroundcitiesstreetcarselevatedtrainsundergroundtrainsBritishleadthewaywithundergroundrailroadSeptember172013EUROPEANDEMPIREI
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