Study Guides (238,477)
Canada (115,151)
History (123)
HIST 1300 (19)
all (12)

HIST1300B Notes for Entire Course

35 Pages
Unlock Document

Carleton University
HIST 1300

HIST 1300B – Lecture 1 Nation-Building and Nation-Doubting 1867-1896 “Canada as a success story” Expansion and Disappointment - East and West Canada politically and economically alienated where central Canada (namely Ontario) prospers - Canada is a political nation (business, success, joined by politics) - Risks and instability of Canada o Adhering to the US o English vs. French o Divisions  Racial  Linguistic  Geographical  Constitutional o Industrially Expansion of Canada - What was Canada in the beginning? o Ontario and Quebec was one third the size they are currently o Nova Scotia and PEI not joined yet o Alone  Isolated from the British by the British  Threat of the US o Death of Riel preceded by the creation of Manitoba (small area) - What unites Canada? o Banks  Branches o Businesses  Coast to coast  Employ people across the spectrum  East-West economy being built along the railway • Farms of the West produce agriculture shipped down south, overseas, to the East o Predominantly an agricultural society o Technology  The railways  The telephone  Hydroelectricity o Politics  Political parties • John A Macdonald – Conservative • Sir Wilfred Laurier – Liberals  Patronage • Jobs • Creates loyalty that is generated from patronage holds the nation together • Ran through the whole political body  Power  Government  John A Macdonald and his party • Made to seem synonymous with the nation’s interest o British Empire  Promises an illusion of stability and importance  Family ties • “Mother country”  Imperialism as a form of nationalism • Canadian imperialists want to create closer ties with the B.E. on the basis of increased equality, an alliance  Religion • Protestantism – British • Catholicism – French • Orange Order – celebrates the British-ness of Ireland and sets itself up as the enemy of Catholicism o Embedded with prejudice - Canada and the US o Annexation movements don’t matter  Goldwyn Smith – annexationist • High class Brit living in Toronto o Vast amounts of emigration  Canadians moving to the US  1890 US census shows 1 million Canadians moving to the US o Those who don’t join the US want freer trade with the US (Reciprocity)  Less barriers - National Politics and the Economy o Macdonald’s National Policy as protectionism  A policy of high tariffs  Macdonald is defeated in the election (corruption, senate scandal) 1873  National policy is used to bring Macdonald back into power as his campaign device  Tariffs on manufactured products from US into Canada • Canadian products are being subsidized, cheaper, more attractive  Motives • Re-election • Encourage Canadian manufacturing • To stop Canadian emigration southwards for employment  Result • From 1879 when the NP was put in place, decades after Canada was a high tariff country • Protectionism o Protection of manufacturers • Trade deal with Americans • Establishment of the branch plant o Voids the tariffs on American products that would be imported to Canada o Also employs Canadians o Investment mainly from Americans and Brits  American investment in the form of branch plants  British investment in the form of direct investments o Assumed that Canadians and Americans differ in their actions towards the natives  Canadians pushed back and marginalized natives  Put them on reserves  Tried to turn them into farmers  HIST 1300B – Lecture 2 Sir Wilfred and his (Fortunate) Times, 1896-1911 - Good economic times and a second national railway brought more immigrants to Canada - Lucky with the PM (Wilfred Laurier) who governed simultaneously with the good economic times o Always aiming to keep Canada together o Fluently bilingual o Good looking and stylish o Need PM who keep us together who don’t always search for the worst in us o Wouldn’t have a country if not for Laurier  1917 election when he lost the election, he kept Canada together in the most bitter election Canada has ever seen o PM for 15 years  1911 ran into trouble “I am not a traitor” - 1913 Recession hit and Laurier’s luck ran out - 1914 WWI began Don Nerbas, The Literary Review of Canada, January 2014: th - Wilfred claimed that the 20 century belonged to Canada o Industry and agriculture boomed o Many immigrants arrived  Often worked in mines, factories and fields rather than their homesteads and family farms o Business consolidation o Joint-stock company and monopoly capital were coming into their own Immigration - Particularly troubling - Many feared the degeneration of the great Northern race - First large-scale immigration restriction began in the early years of the 20 century - People are always race conscious and whites are on top Wilfred’s Ways Background - From Quebec - Bilingual - Didn’t like Confederation but hopped on board - Well versed, well educated - Excited about Riel - Leader of the Liberal Party from 1887-1919 o Two Liberal leaders from 1887-1940’s - Becomes leader of the Liberal party by default - Election of 1891, Laurier smashed by Macdonald by being called a traitor for selling Canada out to the US by free trade Political Ideas - At first glance boring, balanced, all about appeasement for the silent majority (people who are not on the extremes) - Doesn’t take his ideas from France but from Britain (British liberals) o Ideology that the world is always getting better o Good collective action - Laurier’s vision is national unity o Manufactured creative compromise - Consolidate Confederation and to bring together the two peoples in one country - Laurier’s Sunny Ways in Manitoba Schools o When Manitoba was given its name as a province it was given the right to have Catholic separate schools (predominately French) o 1890 Provincial gov’t took away its separate schools (and religious training and French language training)  Crisis that went to the courts because it was a fed government problem and the fed gov’t had the right to source a remedy and shut down the separate schools act o When Laurier became PM he created the Sunny Ways (creative compromise)  Not going to have your separate schools but can have bilingual and religious training after school and in areas where the French minority warranted them o Laurier was called out of being an appeasing political leader than to defend his people Immigration - Late 19 century immigration a complete failure - 1896 16,000 immigrants come to Canada = miniscule th o This is the pattern of the late 19 century:  American West more attractive than Canadian West  West not prosperous enough to attract immigrants  Railways control too much of the land so you can’t easily give land to immigrants  Wheat can’t be grown too far north because of hostile weather conditions  Mines in 1896 are discovered and more land is being freed  American West is full now and Americans began to emigrate to Canada  Strains of hardier wheat are invented so that they can be grown and harvested in the northern parts of the prairies  ^ Increased successful immigration - Clifford Sifton was from the West and was the minister of immigration (minister of the interior but also dealt with immigration) o Publicised the opportunities in the Canadian West o Opened the door wider o Looked for “Stalwart Peasants”  Those who were hardworking and who knew farming and knew the lands, factories and mines  Willing to work on the farms, not just British stockmen o All different kinds of people coming in however there was major exclusion o More restrictive in 1950 than it is in 1900  Asian Exclusion • Chinese Head Tax o Prohibitively expensive th • Japanese in early 20 century British Columbia not wanted either o ¼ of the population in the early 20 century o Brought in by business  Very little wages and used to discipline other workers • 1907 there is a riot demonstrating against Oriental immigration o Leads the fed gov’t to go to Japan to seek out a gentlemen’s agreement o Japanese gov’t will see to it that very few Japanese immigrants will come to Canada (400/yr) • Many Japanese who were living in Canada and had been their whole lives were forced back and deported to Japan  Black immigrants discouraged • Nova Scotia workers majorly segregated o Sports  Europeans also restricted • When Sifton leaves he is replaced by Blair who brings in new immigration policy o Begins to close off the Stalwart Peasant emphasis and increases emphasis on the British immigrant • Canada and the Jews of Europe o Canada’s unwillingness to bring Euro Jews into Canada when Hitler was doing his worst • 1906 and 1910 Oliver behind new immigration acts that narrowed down the gateway to Canadian immigration  Nativism • Name given for the idea that we want the country to be populated by Native born, British stock, Northern blood • Contrast with the business because business wants workers • Business constantly pursuing against Nativism  JS Woodsworth • Secular saint of politics • Democratic socialist Women, Reform, and the Churches - Where does reform come from? o The desire of the middle class and upper middle class of Canada to do something about the working people who are floating into the country (foreign immigrants)  How to make Canada more pure o The rich wealthy Canada (so often trampling on the working man, woman and child) o Two impulses work together - Nellie McClung o One of the Famous Five o Consolidated the Person’s Case for women o A suffragist who worked for women o A strong believer in God and the church o Manitoba (where she comes from and mainly because of her hard work there) is the first province to gain women’s votes - WCTU (Women’s Christian Temperance Union) o Temperance means a ‘temperate use of alcohol’ o Alcohol encourages the alien foreigners to do bad things o Interested in the prohibition of alcohol o Provincially banned  Jurisdictions and municipalities that were ‘wet’ and ‘dry’ o JS Woodsworth  Ran in the earlier 20 century for reforming activities centred around the church for poor people th  Religion so central to the way they did things in the 20 century Britain Calls, I: The Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria 1897 - Queen of Britain, Empress of India and Empress of the British Empire - A moral advantage - For us, the empire was Britain, good, clean, moral - Cannot trust the English, love Britain and suspicious of the British - Bourassa (French nationalist) believed that “My native land is all of Canada” - Laurier goes to the Diamond Jubilee - Gets noticed and the Queen knights him - The Empire’s position was falling and Laurier was invited to join in the Empire’s cause of centralizing the Empire o He refuses to sacrifice a portion of Canada’s independence for the sake of the greater Empire Britain Calls, II: South African War 1899-1902 - Two kinds of people that matter o The Dutch ‘farmer’  The farmers who are concentrated in the Orange Free State and the Transvaal o British settlers - Orange Free Sate and Transvaal have resources - British settlers are eager to get their hands on the sources - Leads to clashes - In 1899 there is war between the British Settlers and the Boers o British feel as if their rights have been taken advantage of - Britain asks what Canada is going to do for Britain o No eager responses except from English Canadians o English Canadians in the Cabinet and Premiers put the pressure on  Laurier agrees to a group of Canadians to go to South Africa but they will be volunteers (no conscription)  Britain will pay for them once they get to SA - South American War is analogous to the Vietnam War o Dirty war for Britain o Good war for Canada  8000 Canadians volunteered  Strengthens morale of the unity of the country o A Canadian was named the leader of the Canadian military forces, whereas before it was a Brit Britain Calls, III: Naval Crisis and a Canadian Navy, 1909-1910 - Germans create a navy that competes with the British Navy - Brits question Canadians what they’re going to do to help - English Canadians want to give money to the Brits so they can build the ships they need o Laurier refuses o Wants to build their own Canadian navy (Royal Canadian Navy) - Robert Borden (Conservative who is oriented towards Britain) o Annoyed that we are not giving money to the Brits and annoyed and Laurier for handing the decision to Parliament to decide whether we should have a RCN  Laurier says no and that we will decide ourselves - Laurier and King continue to say ‘no we will decide for ourselves’ The Free(r) Trade Election of 1911 - Place of Reciprocity in the Canadian Mind - Americans and Canadians grow closer in similar pastimes o Americans agree to freer trade in fish and crops and lumber (resources) and the tariff wall would remain high o Opposition begins to rise  ‘Sell out to the Americans’  Giving resources away  Weaken through free trade and have no strength to break back - Laurier calls an election to wipe out Borden o “I’m not a traitor” and loses  Parties get tired, in power for a long time  Conservatives have better party organization  Quebecers don’t like the RCN  Free trade is a risk HIST 1300B – Lecture 3 The First World War and the Peace, 1914-1919 WWI - World War I made Canada - Economy boomed - Won big battles - Stepped out onto the world stage - Started to become an independent country - Vimy Ridge o The time we became a nation o “Finally we were Canadians” o 80,000 Canadians fought together and won a victory o Took land that the British were unable to take - First World War also unmade us o Eroded civil liberties o Alienated Canadians of different nationalities who we were at war with o Imposed conscription having promised that we wouldn’t do it  Borden began the war promising he wasn’t going to o Workers did not make a lot of money o Government attempted to make strikes illegal  Winnipeg General Strike in 1919 - A good war for the British Canadians; those who did not have to fight on the Western Front or in bad conditions or who had to be conscripted - Triumph of Vimy Ridge in 1917 was placed beside the gov’t’s decision of conscription o Divided French from English Canadians o The war mattered more to English Canada than the country itself - August 1914 war broke out - Seems to have happened because of an accumulation of pressure o British, French and Russians vs. Austro-Hungarian Empire and German Empire o When the King declared war on the behalf of the Empire Canada automatically went to war  Affiliated with England and France  Bourassa on board, French Canadians on board, English Canadians on board  30,000 Canadians sent before the end of 1914 o War Measures Act – turned the government into a democratic dictatorship  Could do what they wanted  Controlled many elements • Food control • Fuel control • Chief censorship o 1915 Canada was engaged in the war for the first time  Trench warfare and stalemate  Battle of Ypres fought in April • First poisonous gas attack o New Years Day (1916) Borden sends 500,000 troops  Unconditional surrender  Borden was concerned with the way in which the troops were used • Called the Canadian Expeditionary Force but up until 1917 there were no Canadian commanders, only under British control o 1917 Vimy Ridge  Masterpiece of planning and execution done by the Canadian Corps under the leadership of Julian Byng • Byng was a British commander • 80,000 Canadians together in one formation • Take the victory at Vimy Ridge with a great sacrifice o Many died and injured  Stalemate was not broken but it showed the military potential of Canadian troops • Fine soldiers • Well lead  Shortly after Vimy, Arthur Currie became the commander of the Canadian Corps • Under Currie, Canadians and Australians lead the final push that ended the war o Billy Bishop was a great hero  Fought in the air war over Europe and Britain  Master marksmen  Extremely skilled  1917 – when the war needed a hero he went to Germany, shot up all the aircraft knocking off them off the platform  Received the Victoria Cross  Alcoholic because he was a fraud • Victory in 1917, he didn’t have enough gas and there was no airport that was shot up that day • Bishop went over to Germany and France, landed his aircraft, shot up his own aircraft and flew back o 1917 Russia falls to two revolutions  Communist Revolution (Bolshevik) • Russia goes out of the war  US comes into the war on the Allies’ side  Borden is convinced that they need more reinforcements • Brings in conscriptions and legislations to get his own way o Military Service Act o Military Voter’s Act o Wartime Election’s Act • Brings together a coalition gov’t o English Canadians (because Laurier and the French Canadians won’t serve in a coalition) who impose on French Canada the draft (compulsory enlistment)  Won’t leave Quebec to Bourassa  Didn’t want Quebecers to go overseas  The on time the war really hit Canada geographically • German spies and German submarines • Halifax in 1917 when two Allied ships (one full of munitions) collided o Created fires, tidal waves, flying glass, huge explosion o 1600-2000 Halifax people killed and many injured o 1918 Government came with a Reform Program  Votes for women (female suffragists) • Achieved on the provincial level (Nellie McClung/Manitoba) • All women were given the vote on a federal level except Aboriginal peoples, Asian peoples  Germans attempt to break out of stalemate because of American threat • Instead of going through trenches they decided to go around • March 1918 Germans made their big offensive move o Allies pushed back o Germans on the defense o Canadians in the lead with the Australians o Last 100 days of WWI took place o Currie was well trained and wouldn’t let his troops be diverted (kept them together)  Canadians distinguished themselves enormously • War ended in Belgium at 11am on Nov. 11 where Canadian troops pushed the Germans back o War never got to Germany  Allowed Germans (Hitler) to say later that they didn’t lose on the battlefield but that Germans lost because they were stabbed in the back by their socialist government o Spanish Flu (Spanish newspapers were the first to report it) came from the US  Hit Canada in 4 or 5 places  Picked up by Canadian troops who were travelling across the country to Vancouver to try and beat the Bolshevik Revolution • They carried it across the country • 1918-1919 50,000 Canadians die  Distracted with winning the war and didn’t bother to deal with the disease o Paris Peace Conference 1919  All victors come to discuss what to do with Germany  Germans have no say  Treaty of Versailles • Germans forced to sign it • War Guilt Clause o Guilty of starting the war o Paid huge reparations to the Allies o Territory lost  Later Hitler would take the territory back o League of Nations  US did not join  Meant to be used to never let this happen again  Canada became an independent nation of the LoN Military Contribution and Nature of War - Trench warfare - Sam Hughes was the opposite of Currie o Lunatic of a war leader o Prejudice o Corrupt o Didn’t deserve to be where he was and may not have been fully stable - Huge economic contribution to the war o Agriculture boom  Wheat production increased  Government emphasized wheat so much that farmers almost exclusively farmed wheat which was good during the war when wheat demand was high but what demand dropped drastically after the war ended Economic Contribution o Victory loan campaigns  Most war funding was given by Canadian people o Government control  First national income tax in 1917  350,000 ammunition workers • 1/3 of the shells on the Western Front were Canadian shells o National war effort  Funding troops  Feeding troops  Supporting troops  Canadians giving and not receiving anything in return Empire Decision Making o Lloyd George – New British PM  British started to listen to Canada o 1917 and 1918 Borden goes to London talking about war strategy by 1918 he has some real say o Minister of Justice signs the peace treaty of Versailles independently o Treaty of Versailles was signed for the British Empire and indented underneath was for Canada and the rest of the nations of the British Empire  Our signature is superfluous  Borden realizes that our nation is not actually a nation  Part imperial, part national and part colony Conscription 1917 - Military Service Act o Conscription - Military Voters Act o Gives vote to women relatives of servicemen  90% will vote for the government to help their male relatives overseas o Allows service vote to be distributed as government wishes - Wartime Elections Act o Takes votes away from those who aren’t going to vote for the Conservative government  Those who were born in a country that is now an enemy country have their ability to vote revoked  Enemy aliens - Historians say that this is the lowest point of Canadian electoral politics - Borden calls an election o Vicious election of English Canada against French Canada  Of course the Conservatives won the election - French Canadians get not promotions, military run strictly in English, Ontario government was pushing French out of the schools o Bourassa looks to the people of Ontario as his enemy “Prussians of Ontario” Labour and Farmers - Employment - Agricultural production - In both cases they have difficulty o Trade unions have difficulty  Want to unionize o There are strikes  Winnipeg General Strike • 1919 30,00 workers went on strike in Winnipeg • Caused strikes around the country but mainly in Winnipeg • Went on for 6 weeks • Ended by Bloody Saturday o Police officials fired into the crowds and many were killed • Section 98 in the Criminal Code o Anyone who tried to overthrow (physical and verbal) the government would be thrown in jail o Farmers were exempt from conscription  Eventually that right is taken away so farmers are betrayed o Number of national parties doubled  The Farm Party (progressive)  The Labour Party o Wilson Woodrow comes into power Anti-Immigrant and Enemy Sentiment - Canada fires many of their German workers - Removes enemy vote - Red Scare from the Bolshevik Revolution - Winnipeg Strike o Let’s get rid of the enemy aliens - Aboriginals served and Blacks served o Blacks were segregated into their own units  Used under transportation  Segregated even under entertainment o Aboriginals actually on the battlefield  Did not receive any celebrations or gifts or promotions white soldiers got - Women were reformers o Nellie McClung o White feather o 20,000 factory workers o Huge volunteer works for the war effort o Had their breakthrough for women’s issues because reform was in the air and liberal ideas were in the air and women were seen as useful  Prohibition was gained first at a provincial level then at a federal level Laurier in 1918 and 1919 - 1917 was called a traitor - In the aftermath of the election in which he lead French Canada and Borden lead English Canada he could have been bitter and fought for Quebec but he systematically began to put things together o Placed things together o Reached out to English Canada o Would not let French and English Canada be isolated o Played a role in saving the country - Didn’t agree with conscription - Borden just wanted to win the war and didn’t focus on anything else - Laurier dies in 1919 o In his place is someone who doesn’t have his flare or charisma  Mackenzie King was a new Liberal leader  Was good at the Laurier way of doing things strategically - HIST 1300B – Lecture 4 Mackenzie King: Wily Willie vs. Weird Willie 10 mark bonus question on final exam: Assess the textbook in terms of the “peoples” he talks about How well does he portray them? Does he have a bias towards certain people Discuss the textbook in terms of the effectiveness of its portrayal of Canada’s peoples? What’s important in history? Big figures? The people? How do you write the history of people? - Mackenzie King: o Arranged for a successor, Louis St. Laurent, who became PM after him o Cunning o Good at globe politics - Diary: o First historians would write about his cunningness but after the diary was discovered they only wrote about how crazy he was o Disreputable things:  Prostitutes • Would go to the slums of Toronto and try to help the prostitutes except Charles Stacey in A very Double Life interpreted that as sleeping with prostitutes but there is no direct evidence in the journals that this was true  Consulted spirit world  Played with Ouija board to predict the future o Weird Willie trumps Wily Willie Private life - Diary – “The Record” o Meant to be kept private o Daily record of what happened that day o Meant to be used as his memoirs o The court marked it up and took it under their own hands because it was thought to be too important of a national resource to throw away - Mackenzie’s mother was a very important figure in his life o Isabel King values her son more than anything/anyone o Then a reliance for King’s (economic) success grows - William Lyon Mackenzie – grandfather on mother’s side was a rebel (grandfather on father’s side fought the rebels) o King saw himself as a vindication of his rebellious grandfather o 1937 (the same year he visited Hitler), the diary is full of 100 years since the rebellion - No friends except for a few – affectionate from a distance o Had one work friend, Oscar Skelton  Business relationship, no intimacy  Called each other by their last names o Harper was a friend when they were both in their 20s  Harper was killed trying to save a young woman’s life in Gatineau Hills • Maybe why he doesn’t have any friends afterwards o Had a dog named Pat, and when Pat dies he gets another dog named Pat  Had a great relationship with his dog  When they died he wrote extensively about them in his diary - Spiritualism/Religion o Linked to death  King lost his brother, sister, mother and father within 6 years o Very popular in the early 20 century around the 20s and 30s o Also religious - Laurier House/Kingsmere o Wilfred Laurier left this house to King o King lived there for the rest of his days o Kingsmere was in the Gatineau Hills  Epitome of his private life • Spiritualism • Buildings of old ruins o Trying to connect the world where history really mattered • Connection with nature Public Life - Needy in private life but self-confident in his public life (delegator) - Education o U of T, goes onto U of Chicago, goes onto Harvard o Only Canadian PM who had a PhD - Takes his education and attempts to reform society and pours it into his work as Deputy Minister of Labour (1900-08) o At age 26 o At the time, labour was important  Working conditions that needed improving - 1908 ran for Parliament and in 1909 he was Minister of Labour - 1911 he was defeated in the free trade election that brought Borden into power - 1911-1919 King does various things o Works for Liberal party o Works various jobs o Goes to US as the labour expert (during WWI) for Rockefeller (richest man in the nation) and John D. Rockefeller - Makes a lot of money and gets a job offer of another rich man, Carnegie - Runs for the leadership of the party in 1919, he can say that he didn’t desert Quebec, Francophone Canada, didn’t support conscription o Barely wins the leadership in 1919 o Sure to win the next election because the Conservatives have been ruling for a decade and start to lose popularity - 1925 election is lost because there are fewer seats o 1921 election Conservatives only won 50 seats, Farmers Party (progressive) wins 65 and King wins the rest, 121 o 1925 election, Conservatives have 116, Progressive have 25 and King has 101  PM who loses election can stick around until they can join together a majority  He does this by keeping the progressives onside  Worked until a scandal hit the gov’t • Liquor smuggling - 1926, scandal comes and Progressives start to fade away because they don’t want to be a part of the scandal - King goes to Governor General Lord Byng to dissolve the HoC o Says no and allows Meighen (Conservative) to have a chance to make the gov’t o Meighen government wins and lasts 3 days  Someone who wasn’t supposed to vote (pairing) voted  Defeated by a mistake - Another election in 1926 o King back in power because he wins the majority immediately  Meighen had a scandal wrapped around his head - King has a majority gov’t - Economy booms - 1929 economy starts to decline - 1930 another election o R.B. Bennett wins the election of 1930 because he becomes the great symbol of the Depression o A good thing:  If King was PM during the worst years of the Depression he most likely wasn’t going to win the election of 1935 and would never be a PM again - 1935-1948 King remains PM o Late 30s, King’s aims were the economy and int’l affairs - 1938 Hitler on the move o May he takes Austria - King makes a good relationship with the US (Franklin Roosevelt) o Roosevelt gives a speech at Queen’s University  “If Canada is attacked the US will come to the assistance of Canada” o King takes this speech as a threat  He can’t take care of his own country  King gives a speech “thank you but no thank you, we can take care of ourselves”  Will not be pushed into letting the US do Canadian business for him - 1939 all of Czechoslovakia is taken and Hitler starts to move towards Poland o Hitler signs a pact with Russia that clears the path to Poland - Meanwhile King is trying to keep his people together o Moved towards sovereignty to show French Canadians that we could make our own future - Canada didn’t let Jewish refugees in because it would threaten the unity of Canada o French Catholics did not support o Did not want urban peoples, needed farmers - WWII o King commits sin against Japanese people o King commits another sin against French peoples and enrols conscription - King wins the election of 1945 o Looks at the third party (Cooperative Commonwealth Federation)  Leading in the polls because war pulls people to the left  King needed to steal their platform – welfare state o King had begun to put pieces of the welfare state into being but he brought in the baby bonus  Every mother would get a cheque every month for every child • This is how he demonstrated his liberalism and not being a socialist o Economy doesn’t fail, in fact it booms right after 1945 o Britain has fallen and US and Soviet Union rise in int’l power - King finds himself in the Cold War 1943, 1944 as US and SU start to break apart - HIST 1300B – Lecture 5 An Age of Inwardness (An Age of Intolerance) – 1919 – 1939 - It is often said that Canada was born during the First World War but it wasn’t - WWI gave punch to English Canadian nationalism (British victory) and French Canadian nationalism (based off of betrayal –
More Less

Related notes for HIST 1300

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.