PSYC1001, Final Exam Study Guide, page 1
PSYC1001 - Final Exam Study Guide
NOTE: This is intended as a general guide to help focus your studying efforts. You are still
responsible for reading the assigned chapters and attending the lectures.
The final exam is 110 multiple-choice questions. It will cover the lectures and assigned readings since
the second midterm: chapters 5, 6, 7, & 8. (or, if you prefer, chapters 6, 7, 8 & 5)
Reminder: There will not be any questions that test your knowledge of dates. And there will not be any
questions that test your knowledge of names (there will be questions that have the researcher’s names
included in the question, but this is only provided as an extra “cue” to help, you will not be specifically
tested on the names).
Lecture Material: All of it. No dates. No names.
Chapter 5 (plus lectures)
• What is consciousness? What are the different levels of awareness (states of consciousness)? How
does consciousness relate to the brain? And how do we measure brain activity?
o You can ignore the featured study on “Merits of Unconscious Thought” (page 203).
• Sleep. It’s function, nature, purpose, the stages, the rhythms, age trends, neural bases, etc.
o You won’t have to know the bit about “culture & sleep” (page 212)
o You won’t be tested on figure 5.2 (page 205), figure 5.3 (page 207), figure 5.6 (page 212)
• What happens when sleep becomes disturbed? (deprivation, disorders)
• What occurs during sleep? (brain activity, dreaming)
• The two biological clocks. What happens when circadian rhythms become desynchronized?
• Dreaming and dream interpretation. Why do we dream?
o You won’t need to know the figure on the “Typical Dreams of Canadian University
Students” (figure 5.11 page 221).
o You won’t need to know the bit about “culture & dreams” (page 222-223).
o You won’t be tested on Table 5.2 (page 223).
• Hypnosis. (Definition, Phenomena, Theories, types of responses, Applications)
• You will NOT need to know the section on Meditation (page 228-230).
• Psychoactive Drugs. What are they, and how do they affect behaviour? (tolerance, dependence,
addiction, etc.) What are the factors that influence drug effects? What are the mechanisms of drug
action? (i.e. how do the psychoactive drugs work?)
o You will not be tested on table 5.4 (page 234).
• Types of Psychoactive Drugs (categories, as well as specific drugs within those categories).
o I recommend creating a table (organized by “category of drug”) that includes the various
categories, the sub-types, their effects and side-effects, what they affect, and the drug
o You will be responsible for knowing about the types of drugs and the specific drugs that are
mentioned in the Lecture Notes and in Table 5.3 (page 232) – and I won’t expect you to
know any of the drugs that aren’t mentioned in either of those two places.
• Drug Dependence, Drugs & Health, and the information discussed in class from the DSM –
Substance Related & Addictive Disorders – Substance Use Disorders.
• Causes of Addiction (disease, non-disease, genetics).
• You will not be tested on the Personal Application section (page 240-243).
• You will not be tested on the Critical Thinking section (page 244-245). PSYC1001, Final Exam Study Guide, page 2
Chapter 6 (plus lectures)
• Learning. Definitions and Theories.
• Classical (Pavlovian) Conditioning (know all the parts and basic principles).
o Including USC, CS, UCR, CR, Neutral Stimulus, Acquisition, Extinction, Spontaneous
Recovery, Timing, Intensity, Discrimination, Generalization, Higher-Order Conditioning,
Blocking, Types of CRs, Conditioned Emotional Responses and Physiological Responses,
Fears and Phobias, Applications, etc.
o You will not need to know the section on “Conditioning and Drug Effects” (page 257).
• Operant Conditioning (know all the parts and basic principles).
o Including Law of Effect, Thorndike’s work, Skinner’s work, The Three-Term Contingency,
Types of Stimuli, Types of Reinforcers, Types of Reinforcement and Punishment,
Generalization, Discrimination, Extinction, Acquisition, Shaping, Schedules of
Reinforcement, Timing, Negative Reinforcement & Avoidance Behaviour, Punishment, etc.
• The biological constraints on conditioning.
• Cognitive Processes in Conditioning.
• Conditioning of Complex Behaviours.
• Observational Learning (Bandura’s work).
o You will not need to know the Featured Study on page 286.
o You will not need to know the section on “Observational Learning and the Brain: Mirror
Neurons” (page 290-291).
• Although it may be helpful as a source of review, there won’t be any questions specifically about
the table on The Three Types of Learning (page