HIST-1107EL Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Mary Whiton Calkins, Protestantism, Neologism

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Long-term stability of extraversion and neuroticism (associated with well-being) But lyubomirsky believes that it can be changed by focusing on voluntary, effortful intentional activity which prevent adaptation. Adaptive vs. maladaptive coping strategies, less distress, proactive health behaviour. Attribution style (seligman)- how one explains the causes of negative and positive events. Positively related to swb, negatively related to depression. Learning optimism: hot seat technique- construct a list of common negative events, ask someone to read one to you, identify pessimistic automatic thoughts and then think of alternatives, put it in perspective. But be careful of unrealistic optimism and be aware of defensive pessimism! People should be optimistic when the future can be changed by positive thinking but not otherwise- Flow- 10-15% never experience flow, 10-15% experience it daily. Conditions of flow- clear goals and immediate feedback, balance of challenge versus skills, intrinsic tasks.