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Exam Review.docx

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McMaster University
Tracy Prowse

Anthropology Exam  2:00 – 4:00pm (2 hours)  IWC 3 (11)  Worth 35%  Total points – 110 MC st  40 questions from up to 1 midterm  70 questions since the midterm  Focus on material covered in BOTH lectures and readings  Do review quizzes on Avenue  Identify important concepts  Summarize important ideas and concepts  Don’t waste energy memorizing facts Required Materials (since midterm) (~70 questions)  Film – ‘Codes of Gender’  Class material and readings: o Early humans (pp. 223-247) o Trends in globalization/development (pp. 270-282) o Sex and Gender (pp. 40-52) o Gender in the archaeological record (pp.47-81) o Cultural aspects of food (meanings, food taboos) (pp. 97-110, but NOT 102-107). o Subsistence (pp. 110-130) o Agriculture and animal domestication (pp. 131-150)  Topics from Midterm (~40 questions) o What is Anthropology and its subfields o The scientific method o Culture and death o Illness and disease o Bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology o No questions from Kochi movie Characteristics of Hominids  When and where did you see characteristics of being distinctly human  Earliest feature – bipedalism  Manual dexterity – manipulate objects in finer fashion, making objects, opposable thumbs  Large molar teeth  Brain expansion  Mosaic evolution – different characteristics appeared at different times o Major features associated with bipedalism: shape of knee, how femur articulates with hip, shape and curvature of spinal column, foramen magnum o Reasons for bipedalism: gathering food while walking, scavenging  Key features of Australopithecines: o Bipedal o Small brains o Big teeth o Mix of ancestral and derived traits  Gracile vs robust forms o Gracile – Australopithecus africanus, robust - a. boisei  should be able to differentiate between the two o a. boisei – huge teeth, broad cheek bones, higher brain – species were so specialized that they became extinct  Fossil names you should know: o Australopithecus (afarensis, africanus) – gracile forms o Australopithecus (robustus, boisei) – robust forms o Homo habilis – first evidence of tools o Homo erectus – first species moving around Old World and out of Africa – Africa, Asia, Europe o Homo sapiens o Homo sapiens neanderthalensis o 2.5 mya – earliest evidence of tools o Increase in cranial capacity and complexity and type of tool  Origins of modern humans o Should know the 3
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