Film and Theater 1T03 (Exam Review) Fall Semester
Linear Narratives and their Consequences
Aristotle (364322 BC)
Tragedy is the ‘ imitation of an action”
Epic imitates and tells
What is an action?
Roughly approx. to a story
Aristotle says, “ Every good action has a beginning, middle and an end”.
Vladimir Propp (18951970)
Analyzed fairy tale and found repeated patterns
Hero/protagonist Obstacles Object
Formal elements of the “action” of a play
Peripeteia: Reversal of fortune
Anagnorisis: Recognition/discovery Analyzing Action
Identify moments of reversal and recognition
• What is discovered?
• How is it significant?
• In relation to cultural discourses of the creator’s society
Ex: The Lion King
Anagnorisis: Simba realizes his deed and runs away
Identification: When we identify with the character/protagonist
Empathy: An empathizing audience will share in the pain and suffering of the protagonist.
Aristotle called this Catharsis and believed it was the key to the social function of drama
Problem with Linear perspective
The perspective of one
Through whose eyes we are seeing the possible world of the play or film?
What gender is the protagonist?
What class? What race and culture?
Aristotle also says that each pat must be casually related to the other creating a progression of