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MEDRADSC 3Y03- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 87 pages long!)
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Department
Medical Radiation Sciences
Course Code
MEDRADSC 3Y03
Professor
Prof.Murrary

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McMaster
MEDRADSC 3Y03
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Definitions;
Ethics : an area of study that deals with ideas about what is good and bad
behaviour
Medical ethics- ethics of the physician patient relationship
Bioethics-”life ethics”
Bioethics is a general category which medical ethics is a subset
Term used interchangeably (bioethics/medical ethics)
Medical bioethics
- Combination of medicine, law and philosophy
- Bioethics is brought about by advances in biology and medicine
Bioethics is a demi-discipline
1) Collect a plethora of facts
- Listen to each other and other advisors
- Provide recommendations
- Move issue being debating towards closure
2) Public discourse
- Uses reports and publications as part of discussion
- Including laws, legislation, policies, professional societies
The birth of bioethics
- Physician behaviours (medical ethics) with patients has been around since
Hippocrates 460BC -370BC
- Between 1962-1976
o 1962 life magazine article on Seattle artificial kidney program
o 1972 The Tuskegee Syphilis Study exposed
o 1973 Roe v. Wade
o 1973 Fetal tissue debate
o 1975 the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of
Biomedical and Behavioural Research
- Seattle Artificial Kidney Program
o Very controversial involving life-saving medical terminology
o Problem with rationing of technologies
o Congress wanted everyone to receive
o Not possible
o At time no one to debate/contribute to public deliberation
o Demi-discipline of bioethics had not yet emerged
- The Tuskegee Syphilis Study
o Worked with public health service
o To study and record the natural history of syphilis
o In hopes of justifying treatment programs for blacks
o Called the “Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male”
o Researchers told treated for “bad blood”
o A local term used to describe several ailments, including syphilis, anemia,
and fatigue
o In truth, did not receive the proper treatment needed to cure their illness
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
o In exchange for taking part in the study
o Men received free medical exams, free meals, and burial insurance
o Study originally projected to last 6 months
o Study actually went on for 40 years
- Assistant secretary for Health and Scientific Affairs appoint an Ad Hoc Advisory
Panel to review study
- Panel had nine members from the fields of medicine, law, religion, labor,
education, health administration, and public affairs
- Panel found that men had agreed freely to be examined and treated
- No evidence that researchers had informed them of the study or its real purpose
- In fact, the men had been misled and had not been given all the facts required to
provide informed consent
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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Description
[MEDRADSC 3Y03] Comprehensive winter guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com Definitions; • Ethics : an area of study that deals with ideas about what is good and bad behaviour • Medical ethics- ethics of the physician patient relationship Bioethics-”life ethics” • Bioethics is a general category which medical ethics is a subset • Term used interchangeably (bioethics/medical ethics) Medical bioethics - Combination of medicine, law and philosophy - Bioethics is brought about by advances in biology and medicine Bioethics is a demi-discipline 1) Collect a plethora of facts - Listen to each other and other advisors - Provide recommendations - Move issue being debating towards closure 2) Public discourse - Uses reports and publications as part of discussion - Including laws, legislation, policies, professional societies The birth of bioethics - Physician behaviours (medical ethics) with patients has been around since Hippocrates 460BC -370BC - Between 1962-1976 o 1962 life magazine article on Seattle artificial kidney program o 1972 The Tuskegee Syphilis Study exposed o 1973 Roe v. Wade o 1973 Fetal tissue debate o 1975 the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioural Research - Seattle Artificial Kidney Program o Very controversial involving life-saving medical terminology o Problem with rationing of technologies o Congress wanted everyone to receive o Not possible o At time no one to debate/contribute to public deliberation o Demi-discipline of bioethics had not yet emerged - The Tuskegee Syphilis Study o Worked with public health service o To study and record the natural history of syphilis o In hopes of justifying treatment programs for blacks o Called the “Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male” o Researchers told treated for “bad blood” o A local term used to describe several ailments, including syphilis, anemia, and fatigue o In truth, did not receive the proper treatment needed to cure their illness find more resources at oneclass.com
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