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Final

CHEM112 Final: CHEM-112-Fall-Final-Course-Pack(1)


Department
Chemistry
Course Code
CHEM 112
Professor
John Carran
Study Guide
Final

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CHEM 112 Kevin Cho and Stephanie Hammond
1
CHEM 112: General Chemistry
December Final Course Package Review
Raising Marks, Raising Money, Raising Roofs
www.queensSOS.com
Authors: Kevin Cho and Stephanie Hammond
6 December 2012
Students Offering Support Sponsors:

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CHEM 112 Kevin Cho and Stephanie Hammond
2
Preface:
This package is intended for Queen’s University students looking for additional study materials
for CHEM 112 to prepare for the December final exam in 2012. It is intended to aid, not replace
studying with the required course materials. These study materials have been compiled without
affiliation with CHEM 112 professors.

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CHEM 112 Kevin Cho and Stephanie Hammond
3
Contents
1. The Basics .................................................................................................................................... 6
Empirical vs. Molecular Formula ................................................................................................. 6
2. Quantum Mechanics ................................................................................................................... 6
Electromagnetic Radiation .......................................................................................................... 6
Blackbody Radiation .................................................................................................................... 7
Photoelectric Effect ..................................................................................................................... 7
Bohr Hydrogen Model ................................................................................................................. 7
Absorption and Emission Spectra ................................................................................................ 8
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle ................................................................................................ 8
Schrödinger’s Equation................................................................................................................ 8
Wave Function ψ ......................................................................................................................... 8
Quantum Numbers ...................................................................................................................... 8
Orbitals ........................................................................................................................................ 9
Electron Filling Guidelines ........................................................................................................... 9
3. Periodic Trends ............................................................................................................................ 9
Core Charge and Effective Nuclear Charge ................................................................................. 9
Atomic and Ionic Radii ................................................................................................................. 9
Ionization Energy ....................................................................................................................... 10
Electronegativity ........................................................................................................................ 10
4. Molecular Structure ................................................................................................................... 10
Lewis Structures ........................................................................................................................ 10
Hybridization ............................................................................................................................. 11
VSEPR ......................................................................................................................................... 11
5. Molecular Orbital Theory .......................................................................................................... 12
Atomic Orbitals vs. Molecular Orbitals...................................................................................... 12
Bonding Molecular Orbitals ....................................................................................................... 13
Anti-bonding Molecular Orbitals ............................................................................................... 13
Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism .......................................................................................... 13
6. Gas Laws .................................................................................................................................... 13
Gases and Vapours .................................................................................................................... 13
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