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Property and Justice Exam Notes

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PHIL 153
Jim Molos

PART THREE: PROPERTY AND JUSTICE (10 marks) 1. What is John Locke’s argument for private property, and how does money complicate his proposal? - Common ownership of the world by everyone o No one contributed to making the world therefore it is a collective - But need to appropriate - Justifying property - Therefore labour comes in allowing us to mix a bit of ourselves into something therefore making it ours o Since oneself is his own property, labour also belongs to him o Limits  Enough and as good left  No spoilage - Applies also to land acquisition - If you work on commonly owned land, it is yours - Natural limits to acquisition since man has limits to how much he can work o He cannot consume it all - Money’s entrance = change in value of everything o From usefulness to a piece of metal - Freedom of the person > living the good life - There is potential for someone to own all land o Purchasing ownership as opposed to labouring o Harmful to the rest of humanity o Wealth distribution (owners and labourers) - 2. According to Karl Marx, what is alienation, and what are four of its forms under capitalism? - Alientation: o Moral concept o Separation and confrontation o Difference and opposition o Estrangement from an independent object o In capitalist society: worker is alienated - Alienation from products of labour o Workers become poorer o Devaluation of world of men and
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