FSN 232 Study Guide - Contrapposto, Aedicula, Relief Printing

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High Renaissance
The period from about the 1490s to the 1530s in painting,
sculpture, and architecture in Europe, esp in Italy, when the
Renaissance ideals were considered to have been attained through
the mastery of Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael
Uomo universale (Renaissance man)
A man who has broad intellectual interests and is accomplished
in areas of both the arts and the sciences. A cultured man of the
Renaissance who was knowledgeable, educated, or proficient in
a wide range of fields.
-Leonardo da Vinci
Humanism
A cultural and intellectual movement of the Renaissance that
emphasized secular concerns as a result of the rediscovery and
study of the literature, art, and civilization of ancient Greece and
Rome.
A system of thought that rejects religious beliefs and centers
on humans and their values, capacities, and worth
Neoplatonism
A system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of
elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism
that both rivalled and influenced Christianity
Painterly style
One can see the brush strokes in a painting, and it is rendered in
an impressionistic way
Sfumato
The technique of allowing tones and colors to shade gradually into
one another, producing softened outlines or hazy forms
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Contrapposto
A human figure standing with most of its weight on one foot so
that its shoulders and arms twist off-axis from the hips and legs
Ignudi
The Ignudo is the phrase coined by Michelangelo to describe the
twenty seated male nudes he incorporated into the Sistine Chapel
ceiling frescoes.
Chiaroscuro
The treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting.
An effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling
unevenly or from a particular direction on something
The Reformation
An effort, at least at first, to protest against some of the practices
of the Catholic Church and to reform the Church (started by
Martin Luther)
Counter-Reformation
The Church's response to the threat from Luther and others during
this period is called the Counter-Reformation. Church called the
Council of Trent to deal with the issues raised by Luther. The
Council of Trent was an assembly of high officials in the Church.
Mannerism
Artist's manner or method of working, to describe a personal or
group style. An interpretation/deviation from the natural world.
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Figura Serpentinata
A human figure which spirals around a central axis, so that the
lower limbs face in one direction and the torso almost in the
opposite direction, in a graceful if sometimes contorted pose.
Putto / Putti
Is a figure in a work of art depicted as a chubby male child,
usually nude and sometimes winged.
Rustication
Architectural finish, lying to viewer about age of a building…
making it look older than it is
Alchemy
Science + Art. A form of chemistry and speculative philosophy
practiced in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance and concerned
principally with discovering methods for transmuting baser metals
into gold and with finding a universal solvent and an elixir of life.
Melancholy
A deep, pensive, and long-lasting sadness
Printmaking (Engraving vs. Woodcut)
&
Intaglio
A woodcut print falls under the category called relief
printmaking whereas engraving belongs to intaglio printmaking.
The most notable difference between the two is that a relief block
is printed in much the same manner as a rubber stamp or those
potato prints you did when you were in school.
Whereas, in intaglio the lowered surfaces take the ink with the
raised surface of the plate wiped clean. In other words, it is the
exact opposite of relief printing
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Document Summary

The period from about the 1490s to the 1530s in painting, sculpture, and architecture in europe, esp in italy, when the. Renaissance ideals were considered to have been attained through the mastery of leonardo, michelangelo, and raphael. A man who has broad intellectual interests and is accomplished in areas of both the arts and the sciences. Renaissance who was knowledgeable, educated, or proficient in a wide range of fields. A cultural and intellectual movement of the renaissance that emphasized secular concerns as a result of the rediscovery and study of the literature, art, and civilization of ancient greece and. A system of thought that rejects religious beliefs and centers on humans and their values, capacities, and worth. A system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of platonism and aristotelianism and oriental mysticism that both rivalled and influenced christianity. One can see the brush strokes in a painting, and it is rendered in an impressionistic way.

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