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HST 211 Final: Week 7, Class 1

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Ryerson University
HST 211
Martin Greig

Week 7, Class 1 Tuesday, Mar 7, 2017 - Liberalism develops as a coherent economic and social philosophy - origins lay in the Enlightenment Age - idea of political liberty -giving the people of the state a more political voice (liberalism will build on this idea) – saw this in the French civilization - Great Britain had democracy, house of commons, parliament, and the electors are restricted to the wealthy - Jeremy Bentham – product of the enlightenment who wrote about reform - starts with the idea that the gov’t should be for the good of the people - how can we measure the best interest of the people; how do we know? - derives from ancient Greek system - pain and pleasure principle –human nature: humans are attracted to things that give them pleasure - naturally averse to things that give us pain - not just individuals but society as one should operate with the pain and pleasure principle – ways in which we should choose what is the best option - gov’t should analyze their people with pain & pleasure principle - robber and victim scenario – victim brings pain, robber brings pleasure – Bentham would say look at it from a societal perspective, society – brings pain makes society insecure and on the edge of their seats – 2 pains over 1 pleasure - asking people to vote on these issues – democracy - has to be 50 + 1 – to be the majority - wants to bring full male suffrage, full democracy - founder of utilitarianism - “introduction to the principles of morals and legislation” 1789 (year of French revolution) - “greatest good for the greatest number” – just by asking opinions - based on personal pain and pleasure – that will express the best interest of the people - this becomes th
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