FINAL EXAM - QUESTION 3.doc
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Department
Information Technology Management
Course
ITM 407
Professor
Candace Grant
Semester
Fall

Description
Wednesday December 5 , 2012h ITM 407 – Final Exam rd 3 Questions – 4 % each: Social Equality and the Digital Divide; an obligation to provide access to cyber technology to everyone in Canada? -under social equality, everyone has equal rights, under laws such as security, freedom or speech, right to education -the “digital divide” coined in the 1990s, it is a new label for an old concept involving information “haves” and “have-nots” -digital divide is now used to describe the disparity between those who have access to Internet technology and those who do not -Bengamin Compaine defines the digital divide as the gap between those who have and those who do not have ehither: • Access to cyber-technology • The knowledge and ability to use that technology -the digital divides exists at two levels: • “global digital divide” between developed and developing nations • a divide between groups within developed nations, based on factors such as income and education -Jeremy Moss argues that people in developing countries who no not have access to cyber technology are unfairly disadvantaged because: • their access to knowledge is significantly reduced  people are not able to benefit from the information that is available on the Internet so they are falling behind in the information era • they are unable to participate fully in the political decision making process and to receive important information  since some people live in remote areas and if there is no internet access there, they may not be able to participate in the national voting or they may not receive important information about matters and policies that may have an affect on them • their economic possibilities are held back  since so much wealth is in the information and communication sector, people living in countries who do not have access to Internet are disadvantaged in this way Regulating Cyberspace – the internet should be regulated? Cyberspace is the area where online world meets; it is considered virtual space that contains all of the data and information that resides in the connected serves that make up the Internet. It is roughly considered to be equivalent to the Internet (the network of interconnected computers). th Wednesday December 5 , 2012 It is also considered a medium that many to many relationships between users. For example:  One connection to another (Telephone): the telephone does not care what the two individuals are talking about, the company is only interested in the medium which is to make sure that the network is working properly One to many (TV): the broadcaster is only concerned about the distribution Many to many (Internet): many people are using different sources to communicate with many people When treating cyberspace as a public space, there are good legal and moral reasons that we must follow to ensure that everyone has access to it since it is a public property/space. Just like a public space, everyone has the right to visit the park at any time of the day since cyberspace is considered a public space and people must be given the same kind of freedom. When considering cyberspace as a broadcast medium, there must be some sort of laws and rules that prevent displaying inappropriate materials to general users. There should be policies that restrict some content to the everyday user as it may be inappropriate or it can even offend someone. The difference between regulating “content” versus regulating “process” is that: • Regulating Content – means to monit
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