MHR 405 Study Guide - Brainstorming, Nominal Group Technique, Peer Pressure

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Published on 13 Feb 2013
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MHR Ch 8 notes
Jan 29th 2013
CHAPTER 8
Teams: Groups of two or more people who interact and influence each other, are mutually accountable
for achieving common goals associated with organizational objectives, and perceive themselves as a
social entity within an organization.
Advantages
1. make better decision, products/ services
2. better information sharing
3. Increase employee motivation/management
Fulfills drives to bond
Closer scrutiny by team members
Team members are benchmarks of comparison
Disadvantages
1. individuals better/faster on some tasks
2. process losses
3. social loafing
Figure 8.1 Types of teams in Organizations
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2
MHR Ch 8 notes
Jan 29th 2013
Process losses: Resources (including time and energy) expended toward team development and
maintenance rather than the task
Brooks’s law: The principle that adding more people to a late software project only makes it later. Also
called the mythical man-month.
Social Loafing: The problem that occurs when people exert less effort (and usually perform at a lower
level) when working in teams than when working alone.
Task interdependence: The extent to which team members must share materials, information, or
expertise in order to perform their jobs
Teams better for tasks that are:
sufficiently complex (require teamwork)
can be divided into more specialized roles requiring frequent coordination
well-structured (easier to coordinate)
Teams preferred with higher task interdependence
Extent that employees need to share materials, information, or expertise to perform their jobs.
Figure 8.2 Team Effectiveness model
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