PSY 302 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Observational Learning, Categorical Perception, Habituation

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12 Apr 2018

Document Summary

Intrinsically motivated to learn they are curious and always wish know more. Sources of continuity (continuous and discontinuous) three processes: assimilation interpret new experiences with existing knowledge structure, knowledge of a bird being a flying thing may carry into airplanes. Invariant sequence the have to go through all these stages to complete their development. Object permanence: the knowledge that objects continue to exist even when they are out of view, a-not-b error. It appears around 8 months: the tendency to search where objects have been found before, rather than where they were last hidden. Preoperational stage 2-7 years: a (cid:373)i(cid:454) of a(cid:272)(cid:395)uisitio(cid:374)s a(cid:374)d li(cid:373)itatio(cid:374)s. the logi(cid:272) (cid:396)easo(cid:374)i(cid:374)g (cid:271)ehi(cid:374)d it is(cid:374)"t the(cid:396)e (cid:455)et, symbolic representation: their actions are determined by the objects meaning/purpose. But sometimes the meaning doesn"t make sense: deficits in reasoning (e. g. , egocentrism, centration: they pay attention to only one dimension of the meaning, lack of the conservation concept.

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