PSY 302 Study Guide - Final Guide: Intentionality, Juvenile Delinquency, Solid Edge

19 views24 pages
Published on 21 Apr 2020
School
Ryerson University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 302
Professor
1. Which statement about Piaget's and Kohlberg's beliefs about morality is TRUE?
1. A) In order for a behavior to be deemed moral or immoral, the reasoning behind
the
behavior must be taken into account.
2. B) Behaviors can be deemed moral or immoral solely on the basis of the behavior
and
not the reasoning behind it.
3. C) Children are generally unable to make moral judgments when they are not
faced
with an actual moral decision.
4. D) Children's morality can be examined only by observations of their behavior.
2. According to Piaget, advances in children's moral reasoning are a result of:
1. A) brain maturation.
2. B) peer interactions.
3. C) parental influence.
4. D) formal education.
3. A child in which of Piaget's stages of moral development does NOT take intentions into
account when determining whether a behavior is moral or immoral?
1. A) autonomous morality
2. B) heteronomous morality of constraint
3. C) transitional period
4. D) conventional level
4. Piaget's stage of the morality of constraint is generally characteristic of children in which
stage of Piaget's theory of cognitive development?
1. A) formal operational
2. B) preoperational
3. C) concrete operational
4. D) postoperational
5. According to Piaget, a child whose moral reasoning involves which thought is in the
EARLIEST stage of moral development?
1. A) consideration of individuals' motives and intentions
2. B) understanding that rules can be changed if a majority in the group decides to
change them
3. C) believing that behaviors that break rules are bad and behaviors that follow
rules are
good
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 24 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
4. D) focusing on being obedient to authorities and avoiding pubishment.
Page 1
6. Piaget believed that parental control of young children's behavior was a key factor in the
importance placed by young children on:
1. A) rules as inflexible laws.
2. B) fairness and equality.
3. C) the necessity of a punishment fitting the crime.
4. D) motives and intentions in determining the morality of behavior.
7. When presented with Piaget's stories designed to assess children's moral reasoning,
Piaget would expect 6-year-old Phoebe to say that:
1. A) the child who broke 15 glasses is naughtier than the child who broke 1 glass.
2. B) the child who broke 1 glass is naughtier than the child who broke 15 glasses.
3. C) both children are very naughty.
4. D) neither child is naughty.
8. According to Piaget, how many stages of development are involved in children's moral
reasoning?
1. A) five
2. B) three, with transitional periods between the stages
3. C) two, with a transitional period between the stages
4. D) two
9. Which trait is NOT a characteristic of peer interactions that influences children to make
the transition from Piaget's stage of moral constraint to the stage of autonomous
morality?
1. A) egalitarian
2. B) focused on rule-based games
3. C) cooperative
4. D) antagonistic
10. During Piaget's transitional period, children:
1. A) become more concrete in their thinking.
2. B) become more susceptible to influences by their peers as to what is right and
wrong.
3. C) begin to value fairness.
4. D) demonstrate greater respect for adults' impressions of morality.
Page 2
11. Which statement describes an aspect of Piaget's theory of moral judgment that has been
supported by research?
1. A) Interacting with peers stimulates moral development.
2. B) Preschool-aged children do not consider intentionality when reasoning about
morality.
3. C) Children increasingly consider motives when judging the morality of actions.
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 24 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
4. D) Young children focus on being obedient to authorities and avoiding
punishment.
12. Children in Piaget's stage of autonomous morality believe that rules are:
1. A) inflexible.
2. B) the product of social agreement.
3. C) “real” things that exist outside of people.
4. D) always “right.”
13. When presented with Piaget's stories designed to assess children's moral reasoning,
Piaget would expect 11-year-old Jabar to say that:
1. A) the child who broke 15 glasses is naughtier than the child who broke 1 glass.
2. B) the child who broke 1 glass is naughtier than the child who broke 15 glasses.
3. C) both children are very naughty.
4. D) neither child is naughty.
14. Piaget would expect which child to progress into the stage of autonomous morality
MOST quickly?
1. A) Adena, whose cognitive development is progressing typically
2. B) Barry, who makes up games with his friends in the neighborhood
3. C) Carla, whose parents are highly authoritarian
4. D) Dean, who has few peer interactions as he is schooled at home with a private
tutor
15. What has been demonstrated by research on young children's ability to appreciate the
importance of intentionality in morality?
1. A) Consistent with Piaget's theory, young children are unable to consider
intentionality in their moral reasoning.
2. B) In contrast to Piaget's theory, young children are able to consider
intentionality in
their moral reasoning when the consequences of the behavior are made more
salient.
3. C) In contrast to Piaget's theory, young children are able to consider
intentionality in
their moral reasoning when the motives behind the behavior are made more
salient.
4. D) In contrast to Piaget's theory, young children are nearly as capable of
considering
intentionality in their moral reasoning as are older children.
Page 3
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 24 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

The boy says he hurt himself and asks. Freddie to help him up, but freddie is worried that if he helps him, he will get himself all muddy. A) fear: guilt c) sadness d) joy. Arnold is most likely experiencing: altruism, conscience, empathy. D) sympathy: the feeling of concern in reaction to another"s negative emotion or negative situation is referred to as, altruism. D) sympathy: casey hears that her friend has forgotten her homework and is afraid that the teacher is going to yell at her. In response, casey is concerned for her friend and worries about how her friend is going to handle the situation. A) physical: relational c) instrumental d) direct, aggression in elementary school children is most commonly: a) hostile, instrumental. D) biochemical: elementary school children"s hostile aggression is motived by the desire, a) to obtain something concrete, b) for revenge, c) to damage another"s peer relationships, d) to harm another person.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.