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SOC103 practice questions final exam-1.doc

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Ryerson University
SOC 103
Joseph Zboralski

SOC103: How Society Works  Practice Questions Final Exam Section A: Multiple Choice 1. Using the sociological perspective, we see that social stratification: a. gives some people more privileges and opportunities than others. b. places everyone at birth on a level playing field. c. ensures that hard work will lead people to become wealthy. d. means that what people get out of life is pretty much what they put into it. e. exists in certain western societies 2. The concept of “race” refers to: a. People who fall into any minority category. b. A person’s skin colour c. A cultural heritage shared by a category of people d. A socially constructed category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important e. The social hierarchy of any society based on inherent characteristics, such as intellect and athletic ability 3. What concept refers to the formal system that responds to alleged violations of the law using police, courts, and prison officials? a. The normative system b. Social control c. Civil law d. The criminal justice system e. Social contract 4. Using the terms in Robert Merton's strain theory, which of the following concepts correctly describes the behavior of a radical activist who rejects just about everything in the existing society in favor of some alternative system? a. Outcast b. Innovator c. Ritualist d. Retreatist e. Rebel 5. The concept "meritocracy" refers to social stratification: a. with no social mobility. b. based on how much money you have. c. in which people “know their place.” d. based entirely on personal merit. e. based on inherited biological traits (e.g. creativity, work ethic) 6. Discrimination that is woven into the fabric of society and shows up in social policy is often called: a. Attitudinal discrimination b. Legislative discrimination c. Institutional discrimination d. Political discrimination e. Legal discrimination 7. When men are employed in occupations traditionally considered women's occupations, sociologist Christine Williams found that these men: a. also encountered the ‘glass ceiling’ in their profession. b. were more likely to encounter sexual harassment. c. quickly used patriarchy to their advantage. d. were treated the same as females in these occupations. e. climbed a ‘glass escalator’ and were promoted quickly. 8. What policy decision in Native education had devastating consequences for the children and their communities? a. Reservation schools b. Trade schools c. Mandatory schooling d. Residential schools e. Secular schools 9. While women outnumber men, they are underrepresented in political office. Which of the following is NOT provided as a reason for this: a. the irregular hours are incompatible with their role as mothers. b. they are less likely to have supportive spouses that take a background role. c. it is incompatible with women’s goals and aspirations. d. men have been reluctant to incorporate women into centres of decision-making. e. men have been re
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