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Ch 9 learning sciences and constructivism.doc

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EDUC 220
Robin Barrow

Ch 9 learning sciences and constructivismLearning sciences science of learning based on Psyc educ comp sci phil sociology anthropology neurosciAssumptionsExperts have deep conceptual knowledge have deep understanding that allows them to put knowledgeaction not just knowing facts and proceduresLearning is best from your own actively participate in your own personal construction of knowledgeSchools should create effective learning enviro so students can reason about realworld probsHave prior knowledge if teaching doesnt begin with what the student already know the student will learn what it takes to pass the test but their knowledge and beliefs wont changeReflection is key to develop deep conceptual knowledge through writing conversations drawings skitsbut these performance aint enoughmust analyze their performancework and progressCognitive and social constructivismConstructivism view that emphasizes the active role of the learner in building understanding and making sense info Piaget Vygotsky Gestalt Bartlett Burner Rogoffno single constructivist theory just 2 central ideaspsychologist constructivism focus on how ind use info resources and help from others to build and improve their mental models and prob solving strategieslearners are active in constructing their own knowledgebuild cognitive structures as we interpret our experiences in situations meaningpiaget as kids dev their thinkingmore adaptive organized away from concrete ideassome knowledge like conservationreversibility cannot be learned from enviromust reflect and coordinate our own thoughtsfirstwave constructivismsolo focus on indpsychological sources of knowing Piagetradical constructivism knowledge is to be the inds constructioncant be judged rightwrongtheres no reality or truth in the worldonly inds perception and beliefsworld outside source of inputsensations are perceivedWMinside head info processingsocial constructivism see learning as increasing our abilities to participate with others in activities that are meaningful in culturesocial interactions are important in this knowledge construction processappropriation being able to internalize or take for yourself knowledge and skills developed during interaction with otherswith cultural tools
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