PSYC 100 Study Guide - Final Guide: Motor Planning, Cerebellum, 2.5D

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28 Nov 2012
Department
Course
Professor
Final Exam Review
COGS 100: Exploring the mind
Tiana Chan - Nov 2012
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1. Basic anatomy of the neuron.
Dendrite: Receive inputs and carry them to the cell soma.
Soma: Main body of the cell and it contains the nucleus.
Nucleus: Processes and transmits info through electrical and chemical signals.
Axon: Carries the signal to the target.
Myelin sheets: Extension of glial cells. Composed of fatty substance that wraps around
the axon of a neuron.
Nodes of Ranvier: Gaps formed between the myelin sheaths.
Neuron: Cell that processes and transmits info through electrical and chemical signals. A
chemical signal occurs via synapse. Neurons connect to each other to form neural
networks.
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1. Gross anatomy of the brain
*Lobes FPOT
*Supporting lobes - CPMSC
1. Lobes Each lobe has a different set of functions
The brain: Made of 100 billion nerves that synapses with trillions of connections.
Frontal lobe: attains maturity ~25y.
Parietal lobe:
Occipital lobe:
smallest of the four
lobes
Temporal lobe: two
temporal lobes
L&R.
- Attention and concentration
- Self-monitoring
- Organization
- Speaking / Language
- Motor planning and initiation
- Awareness of abilities and limitations
- Personality
- Mental flexibility
- Inhibition of behaviour
- Emotion
- Problem solving
- Planning and anticipation
- Judgment
- Motor function.
- Sense of touch
- Spatial perception
- ID of size, shapes
and colours
- Visual perception
- Handwriting
- Visual perception
- Movement
- Colour recognition
- Memory
- Understanding
language
- Sequencing
- Hearing
- Organization
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