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LING 1200- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 124 pages long!)


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 1200
Professor
Erin L.Wilkinson
Study Guide
Midterm

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UofM
LING 1200
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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#1a:
The Early History of Experimental Linguistics:
Linguistics: the science of people, what controls what people do and how they think
in all aspects of human thoughts and behaviour
Among the older human interests
Among the youngest of the sciences (end of 1800’s)
Experimental Linguists:
Conduct scientific research into the rules governing what people do and think
Regular people
Clinical Linguists:
Conduct scientific research into the type and causes of maladaptive (=problems in
think and behaviour) functioning and mental disorder
Goal: to develop method to help people overcome these problems
Abnormal people
Basic Research Linguists:
Conduct scientific research into the rules governing what people do and think,
but NOT directly for the purpose of improving society
Applied Linguists:
Conduct scientific research aimed at solving everyday problems people face
Applied problem (specific)
Ex: forensic linguistics: how do we organize an environment within a country to reduce
the number of crimes committed linguists that aim to improve society
Basic Psychological Research:
Conflicting information: gives clues of how to organize society better (useful for an
applied linguist)
Difficulty naming the colour of an inconsistent colour word tells us that people
have problems in the face of conflicting information
Knowing this might be applied to making society run better
Before Linguistics:
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Philosophers attempted to uncover the rules that control what people think and do
though:
1. Logic based on personal experience
2. Single-case anecdotes (experiences they had with individuals)
Conclusions drawn not based on evidence collected in a systematic way
theories can develop that have serious consequences
Experimentation is the only was to draw conclusions
Phrenology:
Joseph Gall (1758-1828)
Leading pseudoscience
Believed you could measure a person character by the bumps on their head
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