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Classical Studies
CLST 334
Mc Cauly

1 of 4 Rex: The Word for Kings, who ruled in rome from 753 (supposed origin date) to 509 BCE. Said to be 7 kings who ruled with a combination of warfare and religious leadership, no separation of the two. Res Publica: Means the public thing Instated by L Inius after the 509 BC revolution, replaced the rule of the Rex. imperium: authority in warfare, held in the hands of the seven rexreges Auspicium: religious authority held in the hands of the seven rexreges. L Inius: Lead the revolt against the Reges in 509 after the rape of roman nobility Lucretia lead to her suicide Patricians: aristocrats, noble families. Followed a hereditary line. One of the two classes in the Res Publica government Plebs: Everyone who wasnt patricians, poorer citizens, farmers, working class. Consul: Two elected annually from the senate to take lead power of the state. Had civic and military (imperium) powers. Initially only Patricians could be Conuls. One consul could veto the other. Mos Maiorum: The Way of the Ancestors. Sense of old fashioned way of doing things. respect for the ancestors and adhere to their traditions because you had to. Punic Wars: Second Punic war in 218201 is most important, Defeated Carthage and left with their empire Hannibal: Leader of the Carthaginian Army, defeated in the second punic war Republic: The type of government running rome. Run by the Senate, Consuls, Land Crisis: Accidental empire and not knowing how to govern land. Elite would buy masses of it and push out peasants, lead to the concentration of wealth and land to the small group of aristocrats. Senators: Political body that collected Taxes and Passed Laws. originally only Patricians were part of the Senate. Consuls were chosen from the Senate. Senators had to have been elected ofcials (magistrates) in order to be appointed Populares: politicians who favour the Plebians. dene the widening wealth gap of the late republic Optimates: Politicians who favour the Elite. dene the widening wealth gap of the late republic Roman Civil Wars: Marius v. Sulla and the constitutional irregularities Julius Ceasar: Gets into power in shady ways, gives himself right to Dictator which starts looking a lot like kingship, so he was assassinated. OctavianAugustus: Adopted son of Julius Caesar and Heir, ruled 30 BC14 AD, rst Emperor, gives himself the power of all the magistrates. Marks the Turn of Rome from a Republic to an Empire Pax Romana: The Roman Peace, i.e.. a period of peace, tranquility in the empire, with no major wars. The Golden age Antonine Dynasty: A Series of good emperors who ruled. Mostly adopted, didnt have the problem of a dynastic succession. All able administrators running a secure empire Commodus Severan Dynasty: A series of bad emperors. Military men who were then proclaimed emperor, didnt actually have any administrative experience and didnt know how to run an empire. 3rd Century Crisis: Series of seedy emperors Sua Cuique: To each their own Proselytism: god fearers also refers to the attempt to convert people to their belief anthropomorphic: Taking the image of a human or animal sacrice: ceremonial transfer of foodstuff or other physical object from an individual or community of humans into the possession of a deity, demon, ghost or entity
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