ENG 2102 Study Guide - Final Guide: Surrealism, The Fortnightly Review, IntertextualityPremium
4 pages42 viewsWinter 2017
SchoolUniversity of Ottawa
Course CodeENG 2102
ProfessorJennifer Mac Quarrie
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Canadian Lit II Exam Review
Concepts, Key Terms, and Movements:
●Sub-set of modernism
●Officially launched in 1912 when Ezra Pound read and marked a poem by Hilda Doolittle
○“In the Station of the Metro” Pound
●Direct treatment of the ‘thing’ whether is was subjective or objective
●Focused on using the right word and only the right word, with no extras
●Not written in a specific meter/ structure, should flow melodically
●Reaction against Georgian Romanticism
●Profoundly influenced free verse poets through the 20th century
●Strong influence for the McGill group from 20’s-50’s
●The assurances of religion, politics, and society no longer work to reassure people.
●History is coming to an end.
●Modern life is futile.
●Art has replaced religion as the guiding force to make sense of the world.
●Seek back to ancient myths or far futures for inspiration.
●Artists must reject the past and create one’s own sense of coherence.
●Literature should unsettle readers.
●Commonalities: resistance to forms of conventional realism
●Reject the notion that literature can neutrally mirror the external world
●Self-conscious about their own technique, knowledgeable about recent developments in
psychology and physics, and concerned with real-life.
Locus amoenus: an idealized place of safety or comfort, usually a beautiful, shady lawn or open
woodland, or a group of idyllic islands (think Shire)
Surrealism: juxtapositive imagery, rapidity of association, parataxis, and concern with psychic
wholeness, reverence for the unconscious, fascination with dream and its representation
Parataxis: another thing and another, and and and
Ekphrasis: writing about visual images: tension between verbal and visual
Formalist/ New Criticism:
●Focus on form and structure
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