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[HSS3332] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (32 pages long)


Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
HSS 3332
Professor
Sarah Fraser
Study Guide
Final

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uOttawa
HSS3332
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Reproductive Technologies
January 18, 2016
Last class: prosthetic leg or bionic leg fits into both medical and assistive technology
Assistive Reproductive Technology
To use this to help people who are infertile (16% Canadians)
If you are under the age of 35 the chances of getting pregnant and have sex 2-3 times a week
have n 85% chance of getting pregnant
Terminology
In vivo in the living person, fertilization within the uterus
In vitro in glass, when it happens outside of the body, eggs and sperm are combined outside
of the body in the dish then placed back in
7 IVF does ot euie sugey ad a e doe i the doto’s offie
ICSI- inject an individual sperm directly into egg to ensure fertilization will occur
The sperms that bind better are more mature
9 do’t hae to ko all the detail
Those that bind better because of the hyaluronic acid, but can possibly more issues with
malignant tumors in child that they are creating
Laparoscopy- allows surgeons to look at the RS with a tiny camera, can look at which structures
are impacting their infertility
Cryopreservation
Cells are preserved by cooling to low sub zero temperature 77K, there is biological activity at
this temp. Not all embryos can survive the freezing process
1. Artificial Insemination
Usually the case of male infertility- men do not produce enough sperm or produce poorly
mobile sperm
3/ 4 it is male issue
4/ fo a oe’s issue of hy they ae seekig help
Inserting sperm directly into uterus
Non-surgical
Increase likelihood of multiple births
2. Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer
20-30% do have gift cycles result in pregnancy
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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multiple births always have more issues than a singleton birth i.e. LBW, Birth Defects
a modification of IVF, ovaries are stimulated
Take the egg and sperm and put into fallopian tube, closer to the idea of natural conception
Instead of spending time in the laboratory
3. ZIFT
A blockage in fallopian tubes that prevent implantation
Eggs cells are removed and in vitro fertilize, Zygote placed into fallopian tube by the use of
laparoscopy
Very invasive and expensive
Associated risk of multiple pregnancies
Most people in the states choose IVF with ICSI (74%) because there is no surgical procedure
IVF has higher results of live births 33-34% while GIFT (21%) and ZIFT (17%)
People who use GIFT are already going to use laparoscopy to see structures so they use it at the
same time (cost saving measure)
Cloning
Dolly- lived for 6 years
Somatic cell nuclear transfer
A nucleated cell and put an adult cell into empty egg cell
Nuclear DNA is the same as the donor but some of the genetic material come from the
mitochondria
3. Human Cloning
Future shock- technological advances are going faster than the human generation can handle
4. Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis
-screen cells to see if there are genetic issues and choose the best genetic make up for the child
5. Surrogacy
A woman agrees to become pregnant for another couple
Is legal i Caada ut a’t pay fo it. Cosideed  altuisti suogay
6. Testicular sperm extraction
For men where men who have issues ejaculation
Use anesthesia and use a piece of tissue to extra sperm
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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