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SOC 1101 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Feral Child, Gender Role, Social Isolation

5 pages40 viewsFall 2013

Course Code
SOC 1101
Study Guide

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Feb 14th after midterm first class SOC1101
Exploring the social
The self
Go green-
The concept of socialization
- socialization refers to the ways in which individuals attempt to align their own thoughts,
feelings, and behaviour to fit into society or groups- the process in which individuals incorporate
society into their senses of self.
Nature vs. Nurture debate
To interact with others, we must learn the social rules. The norms of a society/culture which tell
us those behaviours are acceptable and which are unacceptable.
The nurture argument
Social isolation and feral children
- children deprived of human contact have limited intellectual capacities, have no or limited
experience with love or human interaction, and do not grasp language.
-sociologists believe that social reality is constructed by people every time they interact with
Agents of socialization
- family, friends, school, work, relationships, and mass media
- outcomes of socialization include:
*gender role
* moral development
* orientation towards social class.
Adult socialization
- in adulthood, socialization is concerned with equipping the individual to function effectively in
adult roles:
Role acquisition
- the major roles we acquire as adults include spouse, parent, work roles, grandparent and retiree
- midlife (40-60) involves several role transitions:
*marital (divorce, widowhood)
*parental (children leave home)
*caregiver (children and aging parents)
*work (entry or exit)
- anticipatory socialization
*activities that provide people with knowledge about, skills for, and values of a role they have
not assumed
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*usually works best for future roles that are highly visible
*eases role transition if future roles are presented accurately.
*entails goal setting, planning, and preparation for future roles.
-Role discontinuity
*when values and identities associated with a new role contradict those of earlier roles
*on entering a discontinuous role, we must revise our expectations and aspirations.
The life course
- scholars have begun to emphasize the life course in the study of the effects of life events and
agents of socialization in our lives
- the life course is the process of personal change from infancy to late adulthood resulting from
personal and societal events.
History and life stage
Cohort of 1960-1965
Event Life stage Implications
Women’s movement (1972-
Recession (1980-82)
Young adulthood
For girls, increased
opportunities in education,
athletics. Less gender
Prolonged education, delayed
Blue-collar, minority,
Cohort of 1960-1965
Event Life stage Implication
Economic expansion (1992-
Adulthood Increased employment,
income. Improved standard of
Terrorist attacks (2001) Middle adulthood Increased awareness of family,
reordered priorities. Anxiety
about health, safety
War in Iraq Increased political awareness,
unemployment recession.
Post childhood life stage
Stage/major challenge/conventional labels/age range
1. Achieving independence/youth, late adolescence/16-23
2. Balancing family and work commitments/young adulthood/18-40
3. Performing adult roles/adulthood, maturity,
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