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Midterm

Feb 14th after midterm first class SOC1101.docx

5 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC1101
Professor
All

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Feb 14th after midterm first class SOC1101
Exploring the social
Questions
Socialization
The self
Go green-
The concept of socialization
- socialization refers to the ways in which individuals attempt to align their own thoughts,
feelings, and behaviour to fit into society or groups- the process in which individuals incorporate
society into their senses of self.
Nature vs. Nurture debate
To interact with others, we must learn the social rules. The norms of a society/culture which tell
us those behaviours are acceptable and which are unacceptable.
The nurture argument
Social isolation and feral children
- children deprived of human contact have limited intellectual capacities, have no or limited
experience with love or human interaction, and do not grasp language.
-sociologists believe that social reality is constructed by people every time they interact with
others.
Agents of socialization
- family, friends, school, work, relationships, and mass media
- outcomes of socialization include:
*gender role
* moral development
* orientation towards social class.
Adult socialization
- in adulthood, socialization is concerned with equipping the individual to function effectively in
adult roles:
Role acquisition
- the major roles we acquire as adults include spouse, parent, work roles, grandparent and retiree
- midlife (40-60) involves several role transitions:
*marital (divorce, widowhood)
*parental (children leave home)
*caregiver (children and aging parents)
*work (entry or exit)
- anticipatory socialization
*activities that provide people with knowledge about, skills for, and values of a role they have
not assumed
*usually works best for future roles that are highly visible
*eases role transition if future roles are presented accurately.
*entails goal setting, planning, and preparation for future roles.
-Role discontinuity
*when values and identities associated with a new role contradict those of earlier roles
*on entering a discontinuous role, we must revise our expectations and aspirations.
The life course
- scholars have begun to emphasize the life course in the study of the effects of life events and
agents of socialization in our lives
- the life course is the process of personal change from infancy to late adulthood resulting from
personal and societal events.
History and life stage
-
Cohort of 1960-1965
Event Life stage Implications
Women’s movement (1972-
78)
Recession (1980-82)
Adolescence
Young adulthood
For girls, increased
opportunities in education,
athletics. Less gender
segregation
Prolonged education, delayed
marriage.
Blue-collar, minority,
unemployment
Cohort of 1960-1965
Event Life stage Implication
Economic expansion (1992-
2000)
Adulthood Increased employment,
income. Improved standard of
living.
Terrorist attacks (2001) Middle adulthood Increased awareness of family,
reordered priorities. Anxiety
about health, safety
War in Iraq Increased political awareness,
unemployment recession.
Post childhood life stage
Stage/major challenge/conventional labels/age range
1. Achieving independence/youth, late adolescence/16-23
2. Balancing family and work commitments/young adulthood/18-40
3. Performing adult roles/adulthood, maturity,

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Description
thFeb 14 after midterm first class SOC1101Exploring the socialQuestionsSocializationThe selfGo green The concept of socialization socialization refers to the ways in which individuals attempt to align their own thoughts feelings and behaviour to fit into society or groups the process in which individuals incorporate society into their senses of selfNature vs Nurture debateTo interact with others we must learn the social rules The norms of a societyculture which tell us those behaviours are acceptable and which are unacceptable The nurture argumentSocial isolation and feral children children deprived of human contact have limited intellectual capacities have no or limited experience with love or human interaction and do not grasp language sociologists believe that social reality is constructed by people every time they interact with others Agents of socialization family friends school work relationships and mass media outcomes of socialization include gender role moral development orientation towards social class Adult socialization in adulthood socialization is concerned with equipping the individual to function effectively in adult rolesRole acquisition the major roles we acquire as adults include spouse parent work roles grandparent and retiree midlife 4060 involves several role transitionsmarital divorce widowhoodparental children leave homecaregiver children and aging parents work entry or exit anticipatory socializationactivities that provide people with knowledge about skills for and values of a role they have not assumed
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