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SOC3306- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 43 pages long!)Premium

43 pages31 viewsFall 2017

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 3306
Professor
Adolphine Y.Aggor- Boateng
Study Guide
Midterm

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UOttawa
SOC3306
Midterm EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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SOC 3306: Social Structures & Relations between the Sexes
Week 1: Wednesday, September 6, 2017
Social Structure, Gender & Socioeconomic Stratification
Reading: Blumberg, Rae. L. 1978. “Horticultural and Agrarian Societies: Egalitarianism Falls as
the Evolutionary Elevator Rises.” Pp. 33-53 in Stratification: Socioeconomic and Sexual Equality.
Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown. (Copies of article at Rytec)*
Gender relations are unequal
o They are entangled in other facets of society
Domestic divide is an anomaly
Marx argues that when humans interact, they need to satisfy basic bodily needs
o These needs cannot be satisfied individually (need the help of others)
Everything you do in society is to satisfy one of these needs
o Food, shelter, survival, etc. are examples of these needs
When you take these things away from people, you make them miserable
o Means of livelihood
We are in a capitalist system, so the tools we use to achieve livelihood differ from other
societal organizations
o Tools determine nature of relations
These relations become unequal
Social Structure
“The framework of society that was already laid out before you were born”
o You were born into it, and your parents direct you to where you are
“The stable pattern of social relationships that exist within a particular group or society”
The social structure changes, but is most often very stable
o Structure = social arrangement, organization, patterns, relationships, shared
values, etc.)
Aspect
Feature
Micro
Statuses (position) and roles
(behavioral expectations)
Deals with intimate interactions that we
have (personal attachments)
Macro
Groups and institutions
Importance: It is “essential for the survival of society and for the well-being of individuals
because it provides a social web of familial support and social relationships that connects
each of us to the larger society”
o Structure can develop you or kill you
It determines sociological analysis of social life
o Why?
Differences determine patterns of human experience and behaviour
Emphasis on relationships and distributions
o Question: what roles do evolutionary history, class, and gender play in (social)
structural challenges)
The social structure helps us do sociological analysis
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The experiences we have depend on our position in the social structure
There is an emphasis on relationship (relationships determine distributions)
Concept
Explanation
Sex
Biological apparatus;
chromosomal, chemical,
anatomical organization
Male and female
Little variation
Gender
Meanings attached to identified
sexual differences within a
culture
Masculinity and femininity
Varies from culture to culture
Human Evolutionary History and Social Relations
Concept
Explanation
Human evolutionary history
Evolutionary approach
Means of livelihood and
associated changes in the social
structure
Ex. relationships become more
complex
Relationship
Regulated and patterned
interactions and connections
Techno-economic base
Determinants of techno-economic base
Explanation (Marxist)
Techno-economic base
1. Mode of subsistence
2. Means of livelihood
Means of production
1. Tools, land, factories, and money that
are invested
2. Foundation of economic base
Mode of production
1. Ways in which human beings
collectively organize and produce
their means of subsistence/livelihood
for survival (includes means of
production)
Relations of production
1. Property relations in production
process (class relations)
2. Determined by the means of
production (whether one has tools,
land, factories, or money for
investment)
Before you produce anything, you should have the means of that production
o Those who have these means can invest, and rely on labour of others
o Mode of production determines relations of production
‘Mainline’ Techno-economic Base
o Major/mainline
Hunting and gathering simple
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