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Midterm

PSY345H5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Conductive Hearing Loss, Sensorineural Hearing Loss, Cleft Lip And Cleft Palate


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY345H5
Professor
Stuart Kamenetsky
Study Guide
Midterm

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Psy345 – Test 2 Notes 2016-02-27 10:07 PM
Definitions
Respite Care
When parents take time off from caring for disabled child to enjoy
night out
Special babysitter for disabled children or grandparents take care of
the disabled child for some time
Dyadic Relationships
Relationships involving two individuals usually a mother and her
child
These are very close ties that develop and are maintained over time
Communication
Exchange of ideas, opinions or facts between people
Needs to have receiver and sender of this information
Extremely important tool to humans
Total Communication
Communication approach that uses oral and manual methods to
communicate and other techniques
Allows understanding and ability to communicate
Phonology
System of speech sounds
Phonemes are used to pronounce words
Contains rules to how these sounds can be combined and used
together
Pragmatics
Component of language that represents rules governing the reasons
for communicating
Concerned with social context of language communication
Aphasia
Acquired language disorder that results from brain damage

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May cause complete/partial impairment in language production,
comprehension, functioning and use
Augmentative Communication
Devices designed for those with severe disabilities who cannot
communicate with speech or body parts
Bliss board, allows communication by eye movements
Stuttering
Disorder that results of interruptions, repetitions, blocking and
prolongations of sounds, syllables, words and phrases
Cluttering
Fluency disorder where one has rapid and disorganized and
incorporates unrelated/unnecessary words in their speech
Delayed Speech
Type of deficit in communication ability
Person speakers like someone much younger and can be associated
with having a hearing impairment
Receptive Language Disorders
When a person cannot comprehend what others are saying
May be able to produce speech him/her self
Condition can result from brain injury and affects ability to
communicate
Functional Articulation Disorders
Articulation disorders that are result from environmental or
psychological influences
Not due from structural defects like cleft palate
Denasality
Condition where nasal passages are restricted preventing enough
air from entering
Causes speech problems, corrected by surgery

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Occlusion
Closing and fitting together of dental structures
Normal structure of teeth
The opposite of malocclusion involves overbites and underbites of
teeth structure
Audiogram
Used to measure how well a person can hear various frequencies
The loudness (decibels) is gradually raised until the person can hear
that frequency
Ensure the participant can reliably say when he/she hears and does
not
Hertz (Hz)
Unit of frequency that is used to measure pitch
Measured in cycles per second, how many cycles occur in a given
time
Women have a higher pitch so a high frequency
Mixed Hearing Loss
Type of hearing loss that is a combination of conductive and
sensorineural hearing loss
Conductive Hearing Loss
Problem conducting sound waves anywhere from outer ear,
eardrum or middle ear to the inner ear.
Not as severe as sensorineural hearing loss and may be treated
with surgery, medication or just temporary problems
Otoscierosis
Abnormal growth of bone near the middle ear which can lead to
hearing loss
Normally leads to conductive hearing loss where some sound fails
to reach inner ear
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