RLG204H5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Sayyid Qutb, Scimitar, Sharia

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12 Mar 2018
Second Version
Week 8
Sayyid Qutb
The Jihad in Islam has no relationship with modern warfare. Islam is a declaration of the freedom
of man from servitude to other men. Thus, it strive from the beginning to abolish all those systems
and governments which are based on the rule of man over men and the servitude (slavery) of one
human being to another.
When Islam releases people from this political pressure and presents to them its spiritual message,
appealing to their reason, it gives them complete freedom to accept its belief or not to accept it.
The meaning of Jihad bis saif (striving through fighting) is meant to clear the warfare striving
through preaching in the application of the Islamic movement. Jihad is not a “defensive war”,
orientalists distort the concept of Islamic Jihad. Jihad was a movement to wipe out tyranny and to
introduce true freedom to mankind using recourses according to the actual human situation and it
had definite stages and methods.
When Islam first came into existence the world was full of political concepts and belief system
based on economic, racial or class distinction, and similarly the present-day “Jahilliyah” is also
full of such systems.
The word “defense” could be related to Islam as such that it is a universal proclamation of the
freedom of man from servitude to other men, the establishment of the sovereignty of God and His
Lordship throughout the world, the end of man’s arrogance and selfishness, and the
implementations of the rule of Divine Shariah in human affairs.
It is mentioned in Quran the “oppression is worse than killing” 2:217 Surah Baqarah!
Modern world as Jahiliyaa: goes against Islamic culture, morality, and actual Islamic way of life
Such as
-Rejecting god’s divinity and making servants of humans.
-rejecting divine authority for human authority.
-putting material concerns above everything else.
-hierarchyclass structure.
-lack of social justice: society is dominated by animalistic valuesand inevitably backward.
Islamic fundamentalists may argue that (pre-Islamic) people in period of Jahiliyaa want to maintain
their way of lifethus, are resistant to change.
Syyid Qutb insist on - One must submit to God in all aspects of life.
Question - First, explain the perpetual state of war in pre-Islamic Arab society. Second, how
did the Prophet address and solve the issue of violence in his society. Finally, what is the role
of violence in Islamic Jihad?
-In pre-Islamic Arab society, war was an activity and a condition.
-state of war existed between one’s tribe and all others. Drove them into desperation.
-Tribe loyalty based on blood ties and kinship.
-Prophet Muhammad solved issue of violence by preaching the message of the Quran. Many Arabs
were hesitant; fear of losing tribal support.
-Asked them to be loyal to Allah. Arabs were asked to show commitment to Islam by having the
willingness to fight to maintain the new religion.
-Quran on issue of Jihad does not tell Muslims to wage war.
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