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ANTA02H3- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 28 pages long!)


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA02H3
Professor
Maggie Cummings
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
ANTA02H3
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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CLAA06 Lecture 02
January 16, 2018
Week 2
Herodotus is one of the first historians
o The word history comes from him
Theogony birth of the Gods; coming into being
Hesiod and Homer are the first to compose poems about the birth of the Gods
Greeks are very influenced by the Egyptians in terms of art
Epithets a name or nickname; a special name
o they give more significance
Gods cannot die; they are immortal
Hesiod and Homer belong in the flowering of the Greek culture that begin in the archaic
period
Cosmogony birth of the Cosmos
o it implies order in Ancient Greece, and order is beautiful (cosmetics)
o when we’re looking at a cosmogony, we’re looking at a poem that tries to explain
order
Dactylic hexameter (also known as “heroic hexameter”) - a form of rhythmic scheme in
poetry (think beat)
o Traditionally associated with the quantitative meter of classical epic poetry in
both Greek and Latin
o Considered to the Grand Style of classical poetry
Examples: Homer’s Iliad
Theogony
The beginning starts with the nine muses who are the daughters of Memory
o The muses don’t have much respect for mortals
The very first being is Chaos
o Then 3 primordial beings; Gaia (Earth), Tartaros and Eros (Desire/Lust)
Parthenogenesis: self-conception
Gaia tricks one of her children, Cronos, to castrate Ouranos using a sickle
o Cronos takes his father’s genitals and with the dripping blood that falls on Gaia,
this creates the Furies
o And then Cronos throws his father’s genitals into the ocean which then creates
Aphrodite
Aphrodite has more of a description/detail than Eros
o Aphrodite’s genealogy in the Theogony is Ouranos’ genitals
o In Homer’s poems, Aphrodite is the daughter of Zeus
o In other poems, Eros, who is Cupid, is the son of Aphrodite
Children share attributes from their parents
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Birth of the Olympians
Cronos chooses Rhea (another incarnation of Earth) to be mother of his children
Cronos swallows each one of his children with the intent to the King among the
immortals
Gaia who is pro-creation devises a plan to trick Cronos
Gaia feeds Cronos a stone instead of Zeus so that Zeus could grow up and overtake
his father
Titanomachy: battle between the Olympians and the Titans
Gaia creates giants to fight Zeus and Olympians
Zeus defeats everyone and is King
o Decides to model his kingship on human Oligarchy
o He divides the responsibility (allots) to different Gods
Zeus imprisons the older Gods
Zeus and his first consort is Metis (cunning incarnate)
o Zeus eats Metis (idea of confinement, instead of eating his children, he eats
the mother of his children)
Athena pops out of Zeus’ forehead, fully grown
The Sacrifice at Mecone
Story about Prometheus tricking Zeus because he loves mortals
o Prometheus steals fire from Zeus to help mortals
Zeus can’t be tricked because he ate Metis
o Zeus pretends to be tricked, to trick Prometheus and punish mortals
Homeric Hymns
Hymns are songs or poems that are in honor of the Gods
o Also in the archaic period
o Normally has 3 parts
Invocation of the god by cult titles and epithets
Worship/prayer genealogy of the deity and/or important geographical
locations associated with the deity
Narrative an important or entertaining narrative about the deity
Rhapsodes performers of ancient literature instead of writers
Zeus has sex with Demeter, the Goddess of agriculture (grain) and womanhood, and they
have a daughter named Persephone
o Zeus decides to give Hades his daughter, Persephone, as his bride
Hades is the only God that doesn’t have a cult following; no evidence of offerings to him
Hades and Persephone don’t have any children
Demeter goes searching for her daughter but cannot find her
o She is so upset over the loss of her daughter, she dresses up as a mortal and plays
with someone else’s baby
o Motif of drawing oneself out of the world
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