Final Exam Terms with Definitions

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Maggie Cummings

Anthropology Class 7 Susan Bordo: Did research work on Anorexia Nervosa in America in women. She believes that it Anorexia is the crystallization in North America. She believes that there are three axes of continuity that converge in anorexia. The Dualist Axes which makes a woman believe that her body is wrong, confining and limiting. Gender Power axis makes the women believe that the body is too much and creates anorexia subconsciously and the Control Axis is that women are developing, they are being controlled in one realm but not in another. The more a women gains power the thinner she must become. Body ideals and crystallization of culture: way that cultural values and logics come together and are sustain each other in real embodied forms through body ideals. For example in Feeding Desire the cultural values of the Azawagh Arabs such as closedness, immobility and other cultural value are embodied in womans bodies through fatness. Another example is how slenderness is a trend in North America. Primitive or traditional vs. modern: people who thought time was linear, saw some societies as illiterate society, living fossils in which they called primitive societies. People stuck in the past would be primitive. Idea which is displayed in Todd Sanders article: the Dark Continent, where the European British society was seen as modern and technological while the African people were seen as primitive and traditional. Modern societies are seen to be more Western and Primitive Traditional societies are seen to be Eastern societies. Primitive: clothing, ritualistic, religious, not English speaking societies, ribal communities, no sense of control Modern vs. contemporary: Modern times was before now is contemporary times. Progress: movement through time is seen as good, it seems to make things better, things become more rational, technological. Linear time: social construct, time is linear in the sense of past, present and future. The past is something behind us, in linear time we can move only in one direction. Before time was religious, it was finite. There were three historical times: ancient (pharaohs), medieval (dark ages), modern period. Darwin brought in the idea of prehistory, illiterate times. Nostalgia: romanticizing the idea of primitivism, thinking positively about primitivism. Todd Sanders: homogenization of the African people, an entire continent. Reduction to difference to uniformity, unifying Africa as a whole even though it an entire continent. Identity: us versus them. Western vs. Eastern, Primitive societies vs. modern, technology vs. religious and ritualistic. Globalization being a threat as it makes the us meet the them
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