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BIOA01H3- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 80 pages long!)

80 Pages
79 Views
Fall 2017

Department
Biological Sciences
Course Code
BIOA01H3
Professor
Mark Fitzpatrick
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
BIOA01H3
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
BIOA01
Fall 2017
Module 2: Metabolic Processes (Dr. Brunt)
The Cell
Cell simplest entity that can exist as an independent unit of life
Nucleic Acids & Proteins
Cells need a way to store & transmit information, as well as reproduce
Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA; two-stranded helix made up of 4 molecules
o Directs information to proteins
Protein key structural & functional molecules that do work in a cell
o Involved in many chemical reactions
Ribonucleic acid RNA; copy of DNA via transcription
Translation conversion of information stored in a language of nucleic acids to the language
of proteins
Central dogma basic flow of information in a cell
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find more resources at oneclass.com
2
Importance of Membranes
Plasma membrane boundary between inside & outside of cell; separates living material
from non-living
o Dynamic interactions occur between spaces of membrane
o Controls movement of materials in & out of cell
Nucleus houses cell’s DNA; has a nuclear membrane to control movement of cell material
o Located separately from cytoplasm
Cytoplasm space outside of nucleus
Eukaryotes cells with nucleus
Prokaryotes cells without nucleus
Metabolism
Metabolism chemical reactions by which cells convert energy in order to break down
molecules
Carbon: Life’s Chemical Backbone
Organic molecule carbon-containing molecules
Carbon’s Covalent Bonds
Carbon has the ability to form 4 covalent bonds, due to its 4 unpaired e-. This ability, spatial orientation
of the bonds, & e- ability to rotate freely contributes to structural diversity of organic molecules.
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Description
[BIOA01H3] Comprehensive fall guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com BIOA01 Fall 2017 Module 2: Metabolic Processes (Dr. Brunt) The Cell • Cell – simplest entity that can exist as an independent unit of life Nucleic Acids & Proteins • Cells need a way to store & transmit information, as well as reproduce • Deoxyribonucleic acid – DNA; two-stranded helix made up of 4 molecules o Directs information to proteins • Protein – key structural & functional molecules that do work in a cell o Involved in many chemical reactions • Ribonucleic acid – RNA; copy of DNA via transcription • Translation – conversion of information stored in a language of nucleic acids to the language of proteins • Central dogma – basic flow of information in a cell find more resources at oneclass.com
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