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from myths of mesopotamia

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Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAA05H3
Professor
elizabethparton

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Key Terms:
Succession Myth: The myth of Chronos overthrowing and succeeding Ouranos w/ the help of
Gaia, whom despised Ouranos for the mistreatment of her children. Subsequently, Chronos
was also overthrown during his rule, also by his own son, Zeus; through strategic alliances
and political wisdom he succeeded and maintained power.
Aetiological: myths used to explain natural phenomenon. (i.e. Typhon: volcano.
Zeus:lightning)
Allegory: a figurative representation conveying a meaning other than the literal.
Didactic: myths used to relate to common knowledge (i.e. when to plant crop)
Syncretism: Drinking together.
Rationalization: to rationalize a myth through evidential explanations.
Epithet: a nickname for gods.
Anthropomorphism: human like characteristics and appearances.
Chthonic/Chthonian: The underworld; people who reside there.
Parthenos: Virgin goddesses.
Euhemerism: a method used to explain myths via historical allegory.
Titanomachy: The war b/w titans and Olympian gods.
Gigantomachy: Battles involving giants. (i.e. Heracles killing cycnus, porphyrion, mimes)
Xenia: hospitality
Psychopomopos: beings whose purpose is to bring souls to the afterlife.
Structuralism: structural human characteristics; binary opposites. (i.e. nature vs. nurture)
Chaos: Void.
Gaia: Sprung from Chaos, gave birth to Ouranos, the titans, the cyclopes, and the
hecatonchires.
Tartaros: Sprung from Chaos, filled one third of void. Place in underworld as well as a deity.
Eros: God of sexual desire.
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Description
Key Terms: Succession Myth: The myth of Chronos overthrowing and succeeding Ouranos w the help of Gaia, whom despised Ouranos for the mistreatment of her children. Subsequently, Chronos was also overthrown during his rule, also by his own son, Zeus; through strategic alliances and political wisdom he succeeded and maintained power. Aetiological: myths used to explain natural phenomenon. (i.e. Typhon: volcano. Zeus:lightning) Allegory: a figurative representation conveying a meaning other than the literal. Didactic: myths used to relate to common knowledge (i.e. when to plant crop) Syncretism: Drinking together. Rationalization: to rationalize a myth through evidential explanations. Epithet: a nickname for gods. Anthropomorphism: human like characteristics and appearanc
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