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Health exam notes based on study guide part 4

3 Pages
90 Views

Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTB21H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat

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Disease Leprosy InfluenzaHIV
Historical
Context
far east –about 1400 BC
- spread either soldiers of Alexander the great
from india- along trade route reached
Mediterranean about time of Christ
12th epidemic
13th -14th peak
Disappearance in 1350 AD because ( TB
cases increased )
selective mortality
cross immunity with other
mycobacterium
loss of pathogenicity
genetic selection of population
improved quarantine
improve sanitation
improved socio-economic standings
better nutrition
16-18th century: leprosariums disappeared
1930: peak of leprosy again (leprosariums
built)
DArcy Island in Canada: prison was built
for lepers
Today worldwide mainly tropics India,
brazil, Indonesia
1999 less but then inc again dont know
why
412 BC: Hippocrates has recorded it
1580-Now: 31 flu pandemics recorded
1918-1920: H1N1 strain (Spanish flu)
50 million deaths
Soldiers from Kansas spread it
1957: Asian flu
1976: Swine flu: killed more ppl and
any other disease
1997: H5N1 strain
VIDEO:
H1N1 currently present
This strain is very different from the
1918 strain of H1N1
IT CAN BE USED FOR
BIOTERRORISM
1981: first described
1983: Human retrovirus HIV-1
identified (Worldwide)
1985: HIV-2 discovered (West Africa)
1.Among homosexuals and drug users
2.Heterosexual sex, prostitution,
unsterile injections, prenatally
3.Infections from ppl above or blood
transfusions
Epidemiology 5.2 Million (1985)
less than 300, 000 (2004)
90% Madagascar, Brazil and Napals
1-2 million people are disfiguredglove
and stocking anestsia
disease came to canada via immigration
1980 -50 to 100 million ppl died
500 000 died in USA
300 000 sick in Ontario
500 000 sick in Quebec
(3) Epidemiology: (Now: worldwide)
20% infected in US, don’t
know they are infected
2004: most ppl with aids: S
Africa & S and SE Asia
2008: 33.4 million
prevalence rate
2008: 2.7 milllion new
infections, 2 million deaths
2008: 7400 new infections/
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Description
Disease Leprosy Influenza HIV Historical far east about 1400 BC 412 BC: Hippocrates has recorded it 1981: first described Context - spread either soldiers of Alexander the great 1580-Now: 31 flu pandemics recorded 1983: Human retrovirus HIV-1 from india- along trade route reached 1918-1920: H1N1 strain (Spanish flu) identified (Worldwide) Mediterranean about time of Christ 50 million deaths 1985: HIV-2 discovered (West Africa) Soldiers from Kansas spread it 12 epidemic 1957: Asian flu 13 -14 peak 1976: Swine flu: killed more ppl and any other disease Disappearance in 1350 AD because ( TB cases increased ) 1997: H5N1 strain 1. Among homosexuals and drug users selective mortality cross immunity with other VIDEO: 2. Heterosexual sex, prostitution, mycobacterium unsterile injections, prenatally H1N1 currently present loss of pathogenicity This strain is very different from the 3. Infections from ppl above or blood genetic selection of population 1918 strain of H1N1 transfusions improved quarantine improve sanitation IT C
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