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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Anna Walsh

HLTB03 Notes II K,5907:42038L;08:42038+0,O9K Battered Women women subjected to repeated attacks or multiple blows by a partner Cardiovascular Diseases all diseases of the circulatory system, including ischemic heart disease and stroke Chronic Conditions conditions having duration of at least six months Dowry Deaths 0,9K870O,9094:320902,3841Z0,O9K1742,-7L081,2LO-,K:8-,381,2LO %K02489.422431472414Z70,9KL89K0NL9.K03,..L039L3ZKL.K,Z4203L8,..L039O burned to death by overheated oil or the bursting of a cooking stove Honour Killings the killing of rape victims, women suspected of adultery, women who refuse to marry the person chosen by their families or women who refuse to stay in an abusive marriage, dowry deaths Hospital Separations patients who are discharged from or die in hospitals Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) a complex set of symptoms in the aftermath of a psychologically traumatic event and experience characteristic symptoms include: depression, trouble concentrating, sleep disturbances, and memory impairment Social Surgery female circumcision; the cultural practice of surgically altering female genitalia, including genital mutilation (circumcision and infibulations) Violence an act of involving force or coercion, with the intention of causing physical psychological and emotional harm Explanations of Gender Differences in Morbidity and Mortality: 1) Artefact statistics not real, women take notice of symptoms more than men do 2) Genetic Causation sex chromosomes and hormones 3) Social Causation economic inequalities, socially constructed gender roles, Two hypotheses used to explain difference in health status: 1) Differential Exposure Hypothesis it suggest that health status differences are attributable to the different social locations (and resulting life experiences) of immigrant and non-immigrant older adults, and to their differential exposure to various lifestyle behaviours like physical activity level, smoking, alcohol consumption, and quality of diet 2) Differential Vulnerability Hypothesis it suggests that health status differences are attributable to differences in immigrant and non-L22LJ7,394O07,:O98;:O307,-LOL9 9K0L770,.9L43 94 certain social structural and lifestyle determinants Violence against Women Various Stages: Prenatal Sex-Selective abortions, battering during pregnancy, coerced pregnancy (rape during war) Infancy Female infanticide, emotional & physical abuse, differential access to food and medical care Childhood Genital Mutilation, Incest and sexual abuse, child prostitution, differential access to food, medical care and education Adolescence Dating and courtship violence, economically coerced sex, sexual abuse in the workplace, sexual harassment, rape, forced prostitution Reproductive Abuse of women by intimate partners, marital rape, dowry abuse and murders, partner homicide, psychological abuse, sexual abuse in workplace, sexual harassment, rape abuse of women with disabilities Old Age Abuse of widows, elder abuse (which mostly affects women) www.notesolution.comK,5907%K00L.,OL],9L4341:420384L08,3:42038L;08 Bodywork all effort expended in the maintenance or improvement of physician appearance and health; shopping for cosmetic8,3.O49KL3J0L3J4308K,L70[07.L8L3J.48209L.8:7J07,3L09L3J,OO fall into this category Demedicalization the removal of condition or activity from the category of disease, at which point the medical profession no longer has the sole responsibility for defining and treaing that condition Discourse the broad linguistic frameworks within which people perceive, think and speak about the Z47O,3 47,.94780;07,O,3J:,J0 Medicalization the process that defines a condition or activity as a disease or an illness; treatment of condition is then considered the responsibility of the medical profession Phallocentric sexuality the dominant view of sexuality that restricts sexual pleasure to penetration and heterosexual intercourse PlasticPostmodern Body a term used by cultural theorists to describe a new view of the body in postmodern era. In this view, the body is seen as infinitely changeable or plastic, rather than fixed and natural, and is used as a canvas to display identity to others Policing the process by which powerful social groups, such as physicians, control others through scrutiny and documentation (rather than force), in order to bring them into line with dominant or 3472,O84.L,O89,3,7841,..059,-LOL9 :KLO09K0term is borrowed from the legal sphere, it is used by sociologists to refer to forms of social and moral, rather than legal constraint Professionalization occurs when an occupational group attains monopoly over a certain area of expertise Social control the result of formal and informal rules or pressure being imposed on individuals or groups to influence their activities and behaviours. Teasing is an example of informal social control K,5907,306:,OL9L4O03.0,3:42038+0,O9K Classism an assumption of superiority in relation to a group of people of a given rank or status (usually socio-economic_ in the community Corporate Violence behaviour and actions of persons in authority within the corporation, including acts of omission that endanger the health and safety of employees and other persons Feminism a point of view that considers women as oppressed and exploited; includes both a commitment to changing the condition of women and the adoption of a critical perspective toward dominant intellectual traditions and methodologies Gendered of a given phenomenon, influenced and varied by the gender of persons involved ex: work, .,70JL;L3J,3L3.420,70L1107039147203,3Z42039K:8J03070 Intersectionality the interaction between forms of oppressions (such as racism and sexism) in ways that magnify one another; ex: -0L3J7,.L,OL]0L8349,3,01472414557088L43147,Z42,37,9K07 it magnifies that oppression Multiculturalism ,5574,.K94.:O9:70,3L110703.0L3L;0rse, multiracial, multilingual societies that has arisen from the general social theory of cultural pluralism. o Cultural pluralism K4O89K,9,OO.:O9:708,7006:,O-:9L1107039 o Multiculturalism emphasizes cultural as a determinant of behaviour anL110703.0,3L8 often associated with cultural relativism, the idea that each culture has its own values and should be judged by its own standards. In health care, multiculturalism has been increasingly associated ZL9K.,OO8147.:O9:7,O8038L9L;L920,3L3J9K,9K0,O9K.,70574;L0788K4:O-094O07,3941,3 8038L9L;0949K0L110703.084149K07.:O9:708 Patriarchy the system of male domination over women the rule of husbands, male bosses and other men in social, economic, and political institutions
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