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IDSA01H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: United Nations General Assembly, Gross Domestic Product, Eastern Bloc

International Development Studies
Course Code
Leslie Chan
Study Guide

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IDS A01 Midterm Review:
Lecture 2:
Key messages in “can experts solve poverty video”
o Historical context matters (Because we need to know the root of the problem in the 1st
o “Bandaid Solution”
o Boxes; experts are trained to think outside the box. But they also have a problem
seeing because they are a part of creating this box. [explain this please]
o Experts can fix the symptoms of the issue, but not what causes the problem
o Development challenges are fundamentally political
o Context [What type of interactions play out with other regions] determines what we’ve
seen. Cannot provide universal solution to the same problems
o What is development studies? is a multi- and inter- disciplinary field of study that seeks to
understand social, economic, political, technological and cultural aspects of societal change,
particularly in developing countries
o The millennium developmental goals were 8 developmental goals set in place by the UN to
reach for 2015. They have since been updated to 17 developmental goals to reach from
o GDP (gross domestic product) is the monetary value of all the finished goods and services
produced within a country’s borders (generally on an annual basis)
o The World Bank defines poverty as if you make under $1.25/day
o Why is development contested? It has generally created more problems then it has solved
o The word ‘third world’ is a geopolitical term that refers to countries that weren’t neonatal
o Developing country: a poor agricultural country that is seeking to become more advanced
economically and socially.
o Low income countries: As of 1 July 2015, low-income economies are defined as those with
a GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method, of $1,045 or less in 2014
o Third world countries: The term Third World arose during the Cold War to define
countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO, or the Communist Bloc.
o Global South: The Global South is made up of Africa, Latin America, and developing Asia
including the Middle East.
o The United States, Western European nations and their allies represented the First World
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