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final definitions.docx

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Chad Horne

Human being An entity that has that is biologically human a member of the genetically distinct human species Person Human beings also refers to an entity having all the psychological attributes and capacities that we normally associate with the possession of full moral rightsEuthanasia Euthanasia can be characterized as directly or indirectly bringing about death of another person for the persons sake The term derives from the Greek words meaning good death and evokes the idea that causing or contributing to someones end may bestow on that person a good Active Euthanasia It involves performing an action that directly causes someone to die what most people think of as mercy killing Giving a patient a lethal injection to end his suffering is a case of active euthanasiaPassive Euthanasia Allowing someone to die by not doing something that would prolong life It includes removing patients feeding tube or respirator failing to perform necessary surgery and refraining from giving life saving drugs Active euthanasia is killing but passive euthanasia is letting diePassive euthanasia may be moral but active euthanasia is notVoluntary euthanasia Refers to situations in which competent patients voluntarily request or agree to euthanasia communicating their wishes through instructions to be followed if they become incompetent Nonvoluntary euthanasia Refers to when patients are not competent to choose death for themselves and have not previously disclosed their preferences In these circumstances the patients family physician or other officially designated persons decide for the patientInvoluntary euthanasia Refers to bringing about someones death against her will or without asking for her consent while she is competent to decideActive voluntary Directly causing death with the consent of the patient Active nonvoluntary Directly causing death without the consent of the patient
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