· 16. Christian princes cannot, even on the authority of the Pope, restrain these aborigines from sins
against the law of nature or punish them therefore.
1.4. Name three arguments that Victoria says could justify the Spanish conquest of the Americas.
not be stopped from doing so insofar as the travelers are not causing hard to the residents of the land. If
under such conditions travelers are stopped from entering the land to make use of the land, then
conquest is justified. Justifies this by claiming it is a part of the law of nations and therefore applies
x Right to commerce and trade: commerce and trade between nations at the time was a common practice
and so Victoria saw this right as universally applicable. Therefore if the Indians stop the Spaniards from
trading or refuse to trade with them then war is justified.
x Universal right to preach: every religion has the right to spread its message and if it does so peacefully and
people convert willingly, then the Indians have no right to end the process. Nor do they have any right to
harm new converts. If they do, then war is justified.
because royal service would bring personal benefit to Raphael. Moreover, More believes the royal service
advances the public good. He argues, without using his skills for the public good, his knowledge and
wealth and powers are not important matter to him. Moreover, he argues that the court is not interested
in the public good.
x More believes happy state can be established with philosopher king. Thus, for the happy state,
philosophers should give kings advice. However, Raphael believes many philosophers advice the king in
advice would not change kingsv(Á}vP]vZ]PÇu]]}v}}vµu}ovX
condescend to give kings a word of advice!
x ZZoW^KZUZ]o}}Zv[ooZXdZÇ[}voÇ}}Po}}((À]t in fact many
of them have done so already in their published works t if only people in power would listen to them. And
Z[}µoÁZWo}uvX,o]ÌZl]vP}oÇ]v(with wrong ideas in
Z]oZ}}}lvÇZ]o}}Z[À]UµvoZÇuZ]o}}ZZuoÀt as he learned
2.2. The Enclosure Movement
x dZ}uD}]^Zvo}µu}Àuv_}ou]}(he society. It is the process
of privatizing arable land to private land. However, it causes oligopoly by accumulating wealthy for few
teachers, who mo]oÇZ]µvZvµZu_~D}UXííX
2.3. Most of Utopia is an argument against private property. What is the main defense of private property that
the character More offers in Book One.
x ZZoPµZ^:µ]v}]Ç ]u}]oo}vPZ]]À}ÇX_/vµo]Ç
More counter argues the importance of the private property. It increase increases prosperity
2.4. Name three of the physical features of Utopia (the geography or architecture) and explain their