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Final

In-Depth Lecture Notes for Final: April 29, 2011.


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier
Study Guide
Final

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Lecture 14:
last class was intrinsic behaviour - for interest sake (fun), without external reward.
Deci and Ryan - needs.
3 basic psychological needs of the species. [ACR] Needs motivate the self to initiate
behaviour.
oautonomy - choice over your own actions.
ocompetence - mastery/effectiveness - can extract needs from the environemt.
orelatedness/connected to others - connection with people, for people.
self-determination - social contextual factors, in the pursuit of their needs.
Environment/Contextual factors:
Autonomy support - environment can differ, initiation they encourage and pressures
to perform are minimalized. = supportive of autonomy.
Structure - contingencies btwn beh. and outcomes certain way, certain outcome
will follow. Expectations and guidelines. Feedback. The need of competence.
Involvement - do they care about your well-fare. Needs for relatedness will be met.
Need satisfaction and growth. more empathy and sympathy need for competence
and overall exp.
Self - determination theorists say: must rely on the environment and need
satisfaction depends on them, there is the plant analogy: human growth is like other
living things. If deprived of needs they die. Psychological needs work in the same
way, exp of needs and experiences they will languish like a plant. The integrity and
mentality are from these nutrients.
Motivated behaviours: Intrinsic - things for fun. Extrinsic - because of rewards and
punishments attached to them. this is a wide gap. There is a range in btwn them
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people say. Self is constructed from the self - regulations to the self who we are, take
external to bring a part of who we are and less external pressure on us. =
Internalization. (external regulation and bringing it inside the self, of who you are).
There are degrees of internalizing -- 3 compelling levels were made.
oExternal regulation - to stay out of jail, punishers and rewards in the
environment.
oIntrojections motivation - external becomes partially incorporated in the self.
Acting in accord with extrinsic contingency, internal reward or punishment -
guilty/worried/ashamed.
oIdentification - extrinsic contin. fully internalized in the self, doing it because
it's important, not fun but I personally endorse the value of it. You dont need
to change the self completely for this to work.
oIntegrated regulation - fully externalized extrinsic contin. + it organizes your
life completely. rearrange your entire life.
self-determination = appearance of authenticity, behaviour from inside. Feelings we
attach to behaviours and true sense of self and we feel we are authors of the
behaviour. with integrity and cohesion - unity and wholeness when we engage in
self-determined ways.
Daily Diary Approach:
oReis/Sheldon - btwn person (trait) comparison: one grp happy/other is not.
o& Within Person (d2day) comparisons: what accounts for my happiness on
dbyd basis.
sense of needs are not fulfilled. the daily diary indicated what activities during the
day, they had to rate how competence, related and autonomous they felt, in their
subjected feelings they felt.
needs satisfaction and well being; they posed the question the needs satisfaction
predict wellbeing. they compared one person to another, in btwn person comparisons.
allowed how needs satisfaction fluctuates from one activity to the next, 14 day study.
measures of need satisfaction level of activity, within person. Three separate and
generally autonomous, related and competent you felt. Multi-dimensional; loneliness
and connected to how related you feel to how your functioning in general of need
satisfaction = general factor of wellbeing.
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wellbeing = (positive affect + vitality (energy)) - (negative affect +symptoms).
opredict wellbeing, trait and within person level.
needs are distracted by our media adopted goals to lead us away from our basic
needs.
Goals:
organismic congruence - goals concordant with needs or not?
goals organize us like the reverse notion of cue balls in pool rearranging back to a
symmetrical lateral triangle - the likeliness of this occurring the same way in our life
is undoable without goals. goals and effort to organize unlikely state of affairs to get
in. Goals present the affairs. Chronic to bring about state of affairs in the future.
instigators and standards.
there are two types of goals: those that are:
oAbstract spiritual, challenging without feedbacks.
oConcrete specific indicators.
goal researchers are self-report.
wide diversity and unique organization of goals. Different goals but same needs!
Universal needs but one persons goals relate to those needs? Concordant, relative or
functionally incompatible depending on their goals.
Organismic congruence relation btwn goals and needs: are the goals compatible or
not with needs, see above.
otwo types of congruence are content/reasons. Content= what. Reasons = why.
(do you want).
oKasser & Ryan: the actual goals, and content is WHAT you want out of life:
there are intrinsic goals (intimacy/community/striving to grow) - content
leads to need satisfaction and extrinsic goals (financial/physical
attractiveness/popularity) - distract you from need satisfaction (cotton candy,
leave you wanting they dont speak to 3-ACR). Asked to rate and factor
analyze the participants, try not to occur in isolation but cluster together.
suggested the goals were purely distinguishable.
Why= self-importance because you will it to be so - goal and why your pursuing it,
enjoyment? fun? then because its intrinsic. Important - identified motivation,
introjected and external/extrinsic motivation. first two options are self-important,
other who are non-self-important.
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