Focus on mental represent ation that ppl for m to process info about the self, other ppl, and social behavior.
The characteristic personal constructs, cognitive styles, belefs, expectancies, attributions, self-conceptions,
effor t to meet demands of social life
Include values and virtues that ppl hold up to be especially important in life
Along with personal goals, Help to regulate social behavior
Like motives and goals, go beyond general personality traits to specify some contingent and contextua lized
details of psycholog ical individuality
Individual differences in ppl’s characteristic and typically preferred modes of processing info
Most researched is field independence-dependence
Concerns dif in perception of stimuli
Highly f ield-independent ppl process perceptual info in an especially analytical and differentiated style
Highly f ield-dependent ppl process in a more global and contextual style.
Second well researched is integrative complexity, refers to style of reasoning
Integratively complex individual
Integratively less complex individuals
Knowledge structures about the self
Possible selves are the ideas and images of one might or fears become
Possible selves are cogni tive vehicles for ca r r ying a person’s most important motives, desires, hopes, dreams,
Include actual, ideals, ought selves
Ideal/ought selves, promotion/prevention focus in life, sensitivity towards positive/negative outcomes,
approach/avoidance strategy in social behavior
Actual and ideal selves discrepancy lead to depression
Actual and ought selves discrepancy lead to anxiety
Theory of personal construct
Foreshadow many social-cognitive t heories
The theor y: Kelly view the person as akin to a scientist, seeking to categorize and make sense of his
environment in order to predict and control it.
Ppl develop personal construct base on perceptions of social events, t hen the constructs help to guide subsequent
Personal construct is a characteristic way of construing how some things are alike and some things are dif ferent
from one another.
Constructs differ in permeability, range of convenience.
Ppl differ in the content and organization of construct systems