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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Socal-cognitive approach
Focus on mental represent ation that ppl for m to process info about the self, other ppl, and social behavior.
Social-cognitive adaption
The characteristic personal constructs, cognitive styles, belefs, expectancies, attributions, self-conceptions,
effor t to meet demands of social life
Include values and virtues that ppl hold up to be especially important in life
Along with personal goals, Help to regulate social behavior
Like motives and goals, go beyond general personality traits to specify some contingent and contextua lized
details of psycholog ical individuality
Cognitive styles
Individual differences in ppls characteristic and typically preferred modes of processing info
Most researched is field independence-dependence
Concerns dif in perception of stimuli
Highly f ield-independent ppl process perceptual info in an especially analytical and differentiated style
Highly f ield-dependent ppl process in a more global and contextual style.
Second well researched is integrative complexity, refers to style of reasoning
Integratively complex individual
Integratively less complex individuals
Self schema
Knowledge structures about the self
Possible selves are the ideas and images of one might or fears become
Possible selves are cogni tive vehicles for ca r r ying a persons most important motives, desires, hopes, dreams,
and fears.
Self-knowledge
Include actual, ideals, ought selves
Ideal/ought selves, promotion/prevention focus in life, sensitivity towards positive/negative outcomes,
approach/avoidance strategy in social behavior
Actual and ideal selves discrepancy lead to depression
Actual and ought selves discrepancy lead to anxiety
George Kelly
Theory of personal construct
Foreshadow many social-cognitive t heories
The theor y: Kelly view the person as akin  to a scientist, seeking to categorize and make sense of his
environment in order to predict and control it.
Ppl develop personal construct base on perceptions of social events, t hen the constructs help to guide subsequent
social behavior
Personal construct is a characteristic way of construing how some things are alike and some things are dif ferent
from one another.
Constructs differ in permeability, range of convenience.
Ppl differ in the content and organization of construct systems
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Description
Socal-cognitive approach Focus on mental representation that ppl form to process info about the self, other ppl, and social behavior. Social-cognitive adaption The characteristic personal constructs, cognitive styles, belefs, expectancies, attributions, self-conceptions, effort to meet demands of social life Include values and virtues that ppl hold up to be especially important in life Along with personal goals, Help to regulate social behavior Like motives and goals, go beyond general personality traits to specify some contingent and contextualized details of psychological individuality Cognitive styles Individual differences in ppls characteristic and typically preferred modes of processing info Most researched is field independence-dependence Concerns dif in perception of stimuli Highly field-independent ppl process perceptual info in an especially analytical and differentiated style Highly field-dependent ppl process in a more global and contextual style. Second well researched is integrative complexity, refers to style of reasoning Integratively complex individual Integratively less complex individuals Self schema Knowledge structures about the self Possible selve
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