PSYB65H3- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 209 pages long!)

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PSYB65H3
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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PSYB65H3F Human Brain and Behaviour Lecture Notes
Week 1 Lecture #1: Wednesday September 09, 2015
- empathy for others compared to sympathy
- brain injury:
- might not be visible, neurology conditions
- cognitive function, CT scans, etc.
What is Neuropsychology?
Neuropsychology
Scientific study of the relationship between behaviour and the brain
- the thought process and etc.
Draws from many disciplines, including anatomy, biology, pharmacology, and
philosophy
Experimental vs Clinical
Psychology has a long past but only a short history”- Hermann Ebbinghaus (Outline of
Psychology (1902))
- pioneer in research and memory
- history is what’s recorded or evidence we have of the past, “we” started thinking
who we are, what are we doing here a long time ago
- just wasn’t recorded until we were able to communicate with one another
The Brain Hypothesis
The brain is the source of behaviour
The Neuron Hypothesis
The unit of brain structure and function is the neutron
The History of Neuropsychology
Trephination
Surgical procedure
Reasons?
- not cultured
- medical reason, illness gone by removing part
Of the skull
Neolithic Trephination
3500 BC (Natural History Museum, Lausanne)
Modern Neurosurgery
Craniotomy/ectomy
Depressed skull fractures
ICP monitoring / treatment
Subdural/epidural hematomas
Deep brain stimulation
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Biological Basis of Human Experience/Behaviour
Cephalocentric
- brain-centric, brain causes behaviour
Alcmaeon
Hippocrates
Plato
Cardiocentric
Empedocles of Acragas
Aristotle
Western Civilization
- development of knowledge, culture, science
- Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Europe, north/south America and middle east
Philosophy
Natural Sciences
Ancient Egyptian, Greek & Roman
Thinkers
Nature and locus of the mind
- mind: internal experience that we all have with matter
Advances in mathematics and philosophy
Early Greek Medicine
Prior to 500 BCE, medical practice was controlled by priests / templar physicians
Alcmaeon of Croton
Objectively dissected animals
- taking them apart (sometimes even human)
Established medical school
Holistic approach
- treat everything, treating a person as a whole being
Elemental theory of matter
Hippocrates (460-377 BCE)
Founder of Modern Medicine
- first person to document the following (below)
Brain hypothesis
Contralateral organization
- wounds to the right side of the skull affects the left side of the body
Epilepsy
- thought they were possessed (by priests and etc.)
- developed that epilepsy was a medical phenomenon
- wrote: “It [epilepsy] appears to me in no way more divine, nor more scared than
other diseases, but has a natural cause from which it originates like other
affections. Men think it is divine merely because they don’t understand it.
But they called everything divine which they do not understand, why,
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