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lec 4 study notes

117 Pages

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Michael Inzlicht

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Hours Monday 1-2
TA jennifer
Nelson 2006
Psyc of prejudice
Lecture final
5 article per chapter
Iclicker in class:bonus points
www.iclicker.comwith UTORid(not student number)
Registat with
Both mc
3:12 PM
psyc12--lec 3 Page 1
Groups allow construct of easier envt
Manip of envt for easier life
Live longer
Organized society
Groups are the basic building bllocks of society
-why groups
Withstood time and evoluution
Mate competition
Mate retention (holding)
Out group associations
But still some disadvantages
Groups also in other animals
Still show ingroup preference
Group bases on arbitary criteria
Minimal group
Negative feeling twd other groups
Beliefs that certain characteristics associate with another group
We derive self esteem from membership in groups
While overt discrimination certainly down the presence of inert sterotyping still exists
It doesnt appear to be the casere that ppl can simple decide not to use sterotypes
Used the term to describe the tendency of ppl to think of someone or something in similar terms, that is, as
having similar attributions-based on a common feature shared by each
Pick out(culture)--> perceive stero(culture)
Confirm preexisting stero by paying selective attention to stero consistent info and disregarding
inconsissient info(not paying attention)
We pick out what our culture has already defined for us, and we tend to perceive that which we have
picked oujt in the form sterotyped for us by our culture
Culture primarly
Where sterotype come from
"pictures in our head"(like the big lip-mon) and that these represenations are more like templates into which
we try to simplify the sometimes confusing world
Lip-man's sterotype
= outward indictor of irrational, nonanalytic cognition
Rigid thinking
External sign of the steroer's moral defeactiveness
: a sterotype is an exagerated belief associated with a category
All-port def of stero
But then move away from morality/ correctness of sterotype/er
After lipman, "sterotype" regarded as negative and lazy way
Sterotyping: Bad to Neutral
Birth of social cog so regard stero as rather automaticprocess of categorization that many cog and social
psyc believe is inherent in the very nature of human thinking
A sterotype is any generalization about a group wherther an observer (in/out group) believes it is
justified or not, bc by def an GENERALIZATION about anything has some exsptions in some
portion of the group members
The "unjust problem" bc consideredaccuracy
: a generalization made about a group concerning atraitattribution, which is unjust
A schema is cog structure that represnts knowledge about a concept or type of stimulus
Sound more like schemathan stero
With addtions Too broad??maybe
A cog structure that contains the perceiver'sknowledge,beliefs(correct), and expections about a
human group
hamilton(Hamil+Ton )
In 70s
Social cog definition
Ch 1
11:22 AM
psyc12--lec 3 Page 3

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psyc12 January-13-11 3:12PM Iclickerinclass:bonuspoints { 2% SY128 { Registatwith HoursMonday1-2 [email protected] www.iclicker.comwithUTORid(notstudentnumber) TAjennifer Midterm:40% Final:60% Bothmc Psycofprejudice Nelson2006 50:50 Lecturefinal 5articleperchapter www.notesolution.comwww.notesolution.comCh1 January-17-11 11:22AM Groupsallowconstruct of easier envt -whygroups Manipof envtfor easier life Organizedsociety Livelonger Happier Groupsare the basic buildingbllocksof society { Groupsalso inother animals Withstoodtime andevoluution Butstill some disadvantages Matecompetition Materetention(holding) Outgroup associations { Minimalgroup Groupbases on arbitarycriteria Stillshow ingrouppreference { Ingroup { Outgroup { Pregjudice: Negativefeelingtwd other groups { Sterotype Beliefsthat certaincharacteristics associate withanother group { We deriveself esteem from membershipin groups { Whileovert discriminationcertainlydown the presence of inert sterotyping still exists { Itdoesnt appearto be the casere that ppl cansimple decidenot to use sterotypes { DEFINING STEROTYPING Lip-manssterotype Used the term to describe the tendencyof ppl to thinkof someone or something in similarterms, that is, as havingsimilarattributions-basedon a common feature shared by each picturesinour head(likethe big lip-mon)andthat these represenationsare more like templatesintowhich wetry to simplify thesometimes confusing world 1. We pickout what our culturehas alreadydefinedfor us, andwe tend to perceivethat whichwe have picked oujtinthe form sterotypedfor us by our culture a) Pickout(culture)--> perceive stero(culture) b) Confirmpreexisting stero by payingselective attentionto stero consistent info anddisregarding inconsissientinfo(notpayingattention) 2. Where sterotype come from a) Cultureprimarly Sterotyping: Bad to Neutral After lipman,sterotype regarded as negativeandlazy way Z =outward indictorof irrational,nonanalyticcognition Z Rigidthinking Z Externalsign of the steroers moral defeactiveness But thenmove awayfrom moralitycorrectness of sterotypeer Z All-portdef of stero : a sterotype is an exagerated beliefassociatedwith a category Socialcog definition In70s Birthof social cog so regard stero as rather automaticprocess of categorizationthat manycog andsocial psycbelieveis inherent inthe very natureof humanthinking Brigd(mohan) Z : a generalizationmadeabouta group concerninga trait attribution,whichis unjust Theunjustproblembc considered accuracy O Asterotype is anygeneralizationabouta group wherther an observer (inout group) believesit is justifiedor not, bc by def anGENERALIZATION aboutanythinghas some exsptions insome portionof the group members hamilton(Hamil+Ton) Z Acog structure thatcontainsthe perceivers knowledge,beliefs(correct), and expections abouta humangroup WithaddtionsToo broad??maybe O Soundmore like schema thanstero Aschema is cog structure that represnts knowledgeabouta conceptor type of stimulus
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