chp. 1- 4

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David Perley

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RLGA02 World Religions western traditions text book notes CHAPTER 1 Wave 1: Shamanism A kind of priest, medicine man, soul doctor Ancient cave drawings depict hunting scenes Comes from a specific Asian culture, but it has become the generic term for a person who acts as an intermediary between humans and the spirit world Wave 2: Connecting to the cosmos Stonehenge= sacred areas having huge stones in complex patterns Political motivation ex. Weddings, puberty rites Important function of priests- was to track the seasons and determine the best times for seasonal activities Hilltop tombs/ fear of death/afterlife high places were commonly used as burial sites Associate animals with specific deities Male gods= strength and virility of the bull/ greek mythology= zeus took the form of the white bull Wave 3: Temple Religion Indo-european priests= language family and cultural system, may have originated around the black sea Farming was NOT part of the culture 1 jewish temple- after David had been chosen as king he captured Jerusalem. He transformed the city into a proper capitol. His son Soloman built the 1 temple Jewish priesthood was hereditary Wave 4: Prophetic Religion Prophet: a person who speaks on behalf of a deity and predicts the future Zarathustra, left behind a collection of poems devoted to a wise lord The site of the temple at Delphi, Greece where a virgin priestess under the inspiration of Apollo delivered prophecies Wave 5: The Energy god= the divine Inspires Important minorities in cultures worldwide Similar to the principles of modern physics Underlies everything that exists The Sage who became known as Laozi- wrote the Daodejing German mystics such as Jacob Bohme- unground (ungrounded), urgrund (original ground) to refer to the divine as a primal cause Wave 6: purity + monasticism (northern India) Intense bodily discipline asceticism Non-violent ethic, goal was to perfect the human potential for purity of the mind Difference between the indo-european and gangetic cultural systems is that IE= priests were recruited only from the bahmin social class where as in the Ganges tradition= hereditary priesthood is rejected entirely; anyone can lead the life of a holy person Wave 7: mystery religion Wave of Greek and Roman traditions in which the core teachings+rituals were kept secret from outsiders and revealed only to those prepared to undergo initiation in the hope of securing a heavenly paradise in the afterlife Eleusinian mystery tradition may be the oldest named after Eleusis (a greek town), grew out of a myth that a young girl was abducted by the God of the dead Wave 8: God on earth Avatar- God in a truly human form Krishna, avatara of Vishnu Amitabba, the Buddha of saving grace Jesus Christ, god come down Wave 9: scriptural religion Emerged in full force with the rise of Islam Living by Torah The word of god Gods final prophet The locus sutra Creation through the word of god Wave 10: Fundamentalism Ex. Children are sent to religious schools to be taught secular values Reject the authority of science Tend to be male dominated Obon= a Japanese festival honouring its ancestors CHAPTER 2 Religion Comes from the latin term religio- can be derived from religare: to bind or relegere: to go over again Mesopotamian phrase translates to fear of God Greek phrase: to honour the Gods by participating in customary practises Egyptians described Herodotusas the most pious people of the an
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