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Final

RLGA02H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Christian Liturgy, Synoptic Gospels, Glossolalia


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley
Study Guide
Final

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Christianity Key Term
Canon
- Is a standard.
- A scriptural canon is the list of books acknowledged as scripture.
- Canon law is the accumulated body of Church regulations and discipline
- A Biblical canon is a list or set of Biblical books considered to be authoritative
as scripture by a particular religious community, generally in Judaism or Christianity.
- These canonical books have been developed through debate and agreement by the
religious authorities of their respective faiths. Believers consider these canonical books to
be inspired by God or to express the authoritative history of the relationship between God
and his people.
- Any church's or religion's laws, rules, and regulations; more commonly, the written
policies that guide the administration and religious ceremonies of the Roman Catholic Church.
Glossolalia- Speaking in strange tongues, which is a principal feature of charismatic behavior.
- Springing from the revivalist roots of Methodism. An emphasis on feeling intensely the
achievement or the gift of holiness, these congregations are often referred to as ‘Holiness’
churches. (Church of Nazarene and the Church of God)
- Holiness can bring striking changes in observable behavior. Some roll in the aisles of these
meetings (holy rollers) and some speak out ecstatically in an exotic prayer language one has not
previously known. This unknown speech is termed Glossolalia or speaking in tongues.
- The group interprets such conduct as prompted by the Holy Spirit.
- The term ‘charismatic’, from the Greek word for gift, describes such groups.
- Protestant congregations that cultivate the practice of speaking in tongues are also termed
Pentecostal, recalling the early Church’s Pentecost experience.
- Unlike today’s Pentecostal movement, Acts reports speech in exotic tongues that is intelligible
rather than mystifying.
Transubstantiation- The Catholic doctrine that the bread and wine of the Eucharist are at the
moment of consecration in the service miraculously transformed into the body and blood of
Christ. (ON THE FINAL EXAM)
- Trent reiterated an understanding of the mass as a sacrifice. Theology held that in the re-
enactment of Jesus’ supper with his disciples, the words ‘this is my body’ and ‘this is my blood’
are literally and mysteriously effective. That is, at a certain moment during the service of mass,
the wafer and the wine are transformed into the body and the blood of Christ.
Eucharist
- Is one of the Church‟s major sacraments
- considered to be a commemoration of the Last Supper, the final meal
that Jesus Christ shared with his disciples before his arrest and eventual crucifixion

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- The Last Supper appears in all three Synoptic Gospels: Matthew, Mark, and Luke
- Eucharist in the Catholic Church refers to both the celebration of the Mass, that is, the
Eucharistic liturgy, and the consecrated bread and wine which according to the faith
become the body and blood of Christ.
- Spiritual communion with Christ through the consumption of His Holy Body and Blood
Nicene Creed
An ancient doctrinal formulation longer and more explicit than the Apostle‟s Creed
-is the creed or profession of faith that is most widely used in Christian liturgy
- it was adopted in the city of Nicaea by the first ecumenical council, which met there in
325.
- The Nicene Creed of 325 explicitly affirms the divinity of Jesus, applying to him the
term "God". The 381 version speaks of the Holy Spirit as worshipped and glorified with the
Father and the Son
- It is still in use through regular recitation in the Catholic mass.

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