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Quiz

Islam-all lecture notes combined with supplementary notes from the textbook for the quiz (got me a 4.0)

8 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley

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Islam
Reception of a revelation
Two main religious-political groups
600 CE Byzentines and Persians (Zoroastrianism)
Islams story of their own formation, polytheistic environment
There are connections between these polytheistic gods
oGod is the many names of these different gods
Muhammad arrives in the sea of polytheism
There might be self—serving history, all records of the prophets life because they
are all contained within the religion
The age of the emergence of Islam was called the age of ignorance jahiliyah
Culturally the pre-islamic community was very uncivilized because they do not know
how to practice the religion properly
Jahiliyya: Abrahmic myth, ignorance
The tradition develops the notion that some practices from the pre-islamic time are
alright because the meaning has been lost over time but the practice is correct
The tradition sees that way back in the past, back to Abraham that there was
monotheism
Muhammad was a revivifier
Muhammad
o570-632 CE
oBiography (compiled 767 CE)
o611 CE: begins receiving revelations from Gabriel
oYathrib (Medina) 622 CE= Hijrah
oD. 632 CE: Returns to Mecca
oThe seal of the prophets; sunna (final prophet)
www.notesolution.com
oSacrifice story is the same as the Jewish one except that Ishmael was the son
oRaised by his uncle, father died before he was born
oSome of ^these sayings came from the hadith
oHe works for Hadijah, 15 years older eventually marries her
oAt 40 Gabriel comes to him and tells him to recite the Quran
oHe received the words from God
oHe begins preaching publicly and is met with opposition
oMuhammad and his followers leave Mecca for a while
oHis wife and uncle die, biggest supporters are gone
oDuring this time he is granted a vision
oHe experiences the heavenly Journey
oHe essentially travels from Mecca to Jerusalem on a winged horse in his
vision
oOnce he is there, he ascends up to heaven
oHe leaves Mecca to Medina (city of the prophet)
oBy 632 CE is able to return to Mecca
oThe Kabah, centralized monolithic rock has been the site of the monotheistic
worship
oMuhammad goes there and purifies it
oIslam believes that Abraham and Ishmael built it
oFirst site that Adam built for worship, another significance of the site
oThe last trip he makes to Mecca to the Kabah, is the prototype of the Hajj
Sunni, Abu Bakr is the first successor(elected), he is not a prophet
ShiI, believes Ali (Muhammads son-in law) should have been the successor
Muhammads life is the model for all Muslims to follow
www.notesolution.com
Five pillars of Islam
oA way of the tradition to structure their doctrines and beliefs
oEach of the five is eluded in the Quran but not packaged in this manner
oEstablished by the 10th century
Shahadah- is there no god above god and Muhammad is his messenger
(ShiI same but Ali is a friend of God”)
Salat- Muslims should pray 5 times a day facing Mecca
The Kabah is some orientation point
They faced Jerusalem first
Men and Women are separated in the Mosque
Zakat- Charitable donations
A way to connect you to the privileged Muslims
Standard ritual
Fasting- Ramadan, not obligatory
Hajj- pilgrimage to Mecca
Obligatory to do at least once in your lifetime
Specific series of rituals in honour of Muhammad
Jihad- means struggle, a struggle within myself
The interpretation as far as terrorism goes is perceived as a
twist from the real meaning
The Quran
oBasic source of how to live ones life, law
oComplete revelation
Received by Muhammad, not authored
God is called Allah, Arabic for God
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Islam Reception of a revelation Two main religious-political groups 600 CE Byzentines and Persians (Zoroastrianism) Islams story of their own formation, polytheistic environment There are connections between these polytheistic gods o God is the many names of these different gods Muhammad arrives in the sea of polytheism There might be selfserving history, all records of the prophets life because they are all contained within the religion The age of the emergence of Islam was called the age of ignorance jahiliyah Culturally the pre-islamic community was very uncivilized because they do not know how to practice the religion properly Jahiliyya: Abrahmic myth, ignorance The tradition develops the notion that some practices from the pre-islamic time are alright because the meaning has been lost over time but the practice is correct The tradition sees that way back in the past, back to Abraham that there was monotheism Muhammad was a revivifier Muhammad o 570-632 CE o Biography (compiled 767 CE) o 611 CE: begins receiving revelations from Gabriel o Yathrib (Medina) 622 CE= Hijrah o D. 632 CE: Returns to Mecca o The seal of the prophets; sunna (final prophet) www.notesolution.com
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