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Midterm

RLGA02H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Oral Torah, Jewish Diaspora, Mishnah


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley
Study Guide
Midterm

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WORLD RELIGIONS MIDTERM REVIEW
PART I: MULTIPLE CHOICE
20 questions based on lectures and readings.
SAMPLE QUESTIONS
-Torah is the source of Jewish religious law and was recorded into five books gifted to Moses from God.
Pentateuch literally translates to “five books” and is the Greek (and therefore Christian) version of
referring to the books.
oThe Oral Torah was modified and written down in 2nd century BCE to be prevent it from being
forgotten. These writings are referred to as Mishnah
oTanakh is an acronym for Torah
oMitzvah is a good deed
-Following the fall of the Babylonian Empire, the majorit of the Jews remained in Babylonia
PART II: DEFINITIONS
JUDAISM
1. Diaspora – refers to the dispersion of a population out of their ancestral homeland
2. Exile – being forced to leave your home, you are banished and be explicitly refused permission to
return and in the case one does, being threatened with imprisonment or death. It can be a form of
punishment and solitude.
3. Gemarah – component of the Talmud compromising rabbinical analysis of and commentary on the
Mishnah
4. Halakhah “the way”, is the totality of laws and ordnances that have evolved since biblical times to
regulate religious observances and the daily life and conduct of Jewish people
5. Menorah – a ceremonial seven-branched candelabrum of the Jewish Temple symbolizing the seven
days of the Creation
6. Messiah – “anointed one” is a saviour or liberator of a group of people; Hebrew Bible, typically a King
or High Priest
7. Mishnah – “to study and review” is the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions known
as the Oral Torah
8. Pentateuch – the Five books of Moses
9. Rabbi – a Jewish scholar or teacher, especially one who studies or teaches Jewish law
10. Sabbath – a day of religious observance and abstinence from work, kept by Jews from Friday evening
to Saturday evening
11. Synagogue – the building where a Jewish assembly or congregation meets for religious worship and
instruction
12. Tanakh – is an acronym for Torah; where “T” is for Torah, “N” is for Prophets (Nevi’im) and “K” is for
Writings (Ketuvim)
CHRISTIANITY
1. Christ – Greek translation for “messiah” or the “anointed one”
2. Logos – the Word of God, or principle of divine reason and creative order incarnate in Jesus that
governs and develops the universe
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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