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SOCA01H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Feral Child, U.S. Route 400, High-Yield Debt

Course Code
Sheldon Ungar
Study Guide

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Sociology Lecture 1: Intro, Sociological Imagination
September 13, 2012
Concepts: definition examples i.e. image, stories data use & application
Concept: Moral Panic
-moral panic: exaggerated threat to societal values
-attributed to folk devils
-news articles: Invasion of the Baby Snatchers and US a leader in death by child abuse
-panic revolves around the concept that children are in danger of strangers child homicides
by strangers
-homicides of children under 5 highest done by parent (27% mom, 27% dad), then
acquaintance and then other family members (slide 13 missing graph)
-strangers are least like to commit homicide of children
-highest age group murder rate in Canada = babies younger than one year
-21 of 23 victims in 2001 killed by a parent
-examples of other sources moral panic: terrorism, gangs (depending where you are i.e. living in
protected community), epidemics/pandemics, second-hand smoke (it’s not as dangerous as it’s
made out to be), AIDS (in North America but not Africa)
-establishing moral panic:
-need clear and timely evidence of degree of harm
-may be unavailable
-future oriented
-compare claims about harm
-how much larger must they be?
Sociological Imagination
-book written by C.W. Mills
-sociological imagination: translate personal troubles into public issues
-understand how life chances affected by broader social forces
-examples of sociological imagination : cancer (not all cancers), unemployment, date rape
-Cancer Alley in Louisiana chemicals concentrated in streets poor areas without lawyers at
their disposal to change it
-sociological imagination has intersection of three variables:
1. History
2. Social Structure i.e. class, race, gender
3. Biography (of individual)
Concept: Cohort
-set of people born at the same time
-experience similar tings at the same age
-especially teen years
-most famous cohort: Baby Boomers born after WWII between approximately 1948-1960
-second most famous cohort: the following names are for same generation: Baby Bust, MTV generation,
Generation x, 20 something, know nothing, generation with PR problems
-antagonistic terms
-2 major differences between baby boomers and Gen X cohorts:
1. time born (history) affects opportunities
2. size of the cohort (social structure) demographic bulge

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-cohort effects:
-baby boomers: stable families (mothers stayed home), very low divorce rate
-generation X: not bindings ties; less parent presence because of working mothers,
more kids of divorce, hang out in bigger groups because they don’t have stable families
-economic outlook:
-baby boomers: jobs were plentiful and people were not concerned
-generation X: less job because of economy and because baby boomers have most of
the jobs, increase in service industries
-percent of young adults (20-29) still living with parents jumped from 30% in 1981 to
45% in 2001, fewer number of marriages and later marriages
-politics and culture:
-baby boomers: democratic, self-conscious, arms race in education universities are
being built, dominate the media, protests, 1960s-1970s increase in STDs, changes in
-current generation: the only hero really is Nelson Mandela one reason is that the media
has destroyed heroes i.e. Clinton
-60s: Kennedys, astronauts, Martin Luther King, some athletes
-new impacts of baby boom:
-plastic surgery
-concern with menopause
-bowling/lawn bowling
-next discovery:
-personal growth through death
-seven effective habits of dead people
-age conflicts over resources
-pushed by demographics
-includes medicine i.e. US and Canada’s health care system is heading toward bankruptcy
-debt being leftover for the next generation
-power: who votes?
Lecture 2: Suicide and Sociological Theory
September 20, 2012
-philosophy and psychology approach suicide as an individual issue: psych depression and failure (but
psych perspective is incomplete
-sociology loks at iti from a social point of view, the sociological imagination broader social forces
affecting one’s life chances
-Sue Rodriguez: lost case for fight for assisted suicide
-Dr. Jack Kevorkian created apparatus that administered a lethal injection those who wanted assistance
with suicide
-US military suicides:
-1 per day Afghanistan
65000/year among vets traumatic brain injury

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-suicides was 25X the death rate in the Afghan war still majority of vets not kill themselves
social solidarity, anomie (when soldiers come back, they’re not really considered heros have
high unemployment rate and substantial injuries)
-applying the sociological perspective:
-suicide appears to be an anti-social, individual act
-but Durkheim showed that suicide RATES decreased with SOCIAL SOLIDARITY and increases
Social Solidarity
-solidarity: support system and close ties to people (family, friends, groups)
-social solidarity vs. lonely crowd
-the more social solidarity you have, the more protection you have, less likely to commit suicide
-women have far more social solidarity than men women arrange more events, family-oriented
-have better and more friendships
-men have superficial friendships but women are more admitting
-social change as producer of anomie
-i.e. moving to a new city don’t know people, don’t have a routine
-example: Great Depression
-men have more anomie i.e. typically men would get fired from jobs, behaviour may change more
frequently, norms are unclear for men
-therefore due to lower social solidarity and higher anomie, men have a substantially higher suicide rate
than women (not only in Canada, but all over the world)
-IMPORTANT: if suicides were just the result of individual depression or mental illness, they would NOT
vary systematically by group, time
-depression rates are higher for women but that’s because women come forth saying that they have it
Applying Social Solidarity and Anomie
-young vs. old: as you age, social solidarity goes down i.e. older people have friends that die and older
people are more isolated; older people tend to suffer from more anomie (i.e. retirement
-rural vs. urban: rural people have more social solidarity because rural people know their neighbours,
etc. but this is changing because more and more rural people are getting satellite TV; anomie is higher in
urban areas
-catholic vs. protestant: Catholics have more social solidarity and protestants is more individualistic
-non-aboriginal vs. aboriginal: non-aboriginal have more social solidarity and less anomie
-illusions that we live by:
-regime of “truth” foisted on us by constant repetition unquestioned, un-open to questioning
-example: strangers
-example: Americans love military (this is not true) live of soldiers after the war is not good
-Durkheim and Suicide
-increase in suicide because suicides are rising and also coroners are putting suicide as cause of death
more and more since society is becoming more secular
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