Health & Medicine Sociology
Three social causes:
1) Human-environmental factors.
o Environmental conditions promote good health or influence poor health
Ex: sour gas & logging operations around reserves of Lubicon (1st nations)
o Environmental racism: tendency to heap environmental dangers on the disadvantaged
2) Lifestyle factors.
o Poor diet, drug use, lack of exercise, isolation Æ poor health & early death
3) Factors related to the public health and health care systems.
o Public/ private health care systems
o Public health system comprises govt. run programs that ensure access to clean drinking
h20, basic sewage & sanitations service, and inoculation against infectious diseases.
o Health care systemW}u}}(v]}v[o]v]UZ}]oU}l(]o]](}vµ]vP
health & treating illness.
Absence of these leads to X illnesses and shorter life expectancy
Country of Residence:
x HIV/Aids= leading cause of death in urban Haiti
x Poverty Æ prostitutes (catered to foreigners) some carried HIV which led to aids
o Absence of good health care (made it worse)
x Country prosperity Æ biomedical advantages
x Sound health system = (+) impt.
x Industrialized countries Æ health systems mid 19th C.
x Infant mortality in Canada, states ($$ countries) is low
o Infant mortality: # of deaths be4 age 1 for every 1000 live birth in a pop/ yr
Class Inequalities & Health Care:
x Ppl at a lower level in the social hierarchy usually have lower life expectancies & Xhealth probs
x High stress levels & inability to cope w/ it.
o Linked to various physical and mental pros (BP, cancer, violence, substance abuse etc)
o Rich ppl can more easily take days off work
o Problems are more stressful for poor ppl (car probs)
o Longer hours Æ make ends meet
x Difference in the earliest stages of development that have lifelong consequences.
o Poor nutrition during pregnancies, and growing years
x Lack of knowledge.
o Less informed about how to live a healthy lifestyle (exercise/ balanced diets etc.)
x Unequal access to health resources.
o Canadians in rural area have less facilities (less clinics, doctors etc)
x Environmental exposure.
o Poor people tend to live near health hazards (dumps, factories, pulp & paper mills etc)