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Lecture 1-6 Terms Study Guide

7 Pages
113 Views

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Marcel Danesi

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LECTURE 1
LINNEAEUS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM OF LIVING THINGS
LECLER & BUFFON EARTH IS OLDER THAN BIBLICAL TIMES, ANIMALS EVOLVED RATHER THAN SPONTANEOUSLY
GENERATED
LAMARCK ACQUIRED TRAITS/CHARACTERISTICS DEVELOPED THROUGH USE/DISUSE
EX: LONG NECK GIRAFFES
CUVIER CATASTROPHISMÆ CHANGES IN THE EARTHS POPULATION (EX: NATURAL DISASTERS)
HUTTON UNIFORMITARIANISMÆ REPEATED UNIFORM PROCESS
LYELL EARTH IS VERY OLD AND ALWAYS IN MOTION
DARWIN STUDY ON FINCHES (BEAK SIZE)Æ POPULATIONS EVOLVE
DARWIN & WALLACE NATURAL SELECTIONÆ BEST SEPECIES ADOPTED TO ENVIRONMENTÆ BEST CHANCES OF
SURVIVING/REPRODUCING
Æ ALL SPECIES DESCEND FROM OTHER SPECIES
DARWINS EVOLUTION 1) STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE
2) VARIATION IN FITNESS
3) INHERITANCE OF VARIATION
SPENCER COINEDÆ SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST
INTELLIGENT DESIGN SCIENCE CANNOT EXPLAIN LIFE
ADAPTIVE TRAIT TRAIT THAT INCREASES CHANCES OF SURVIVAL REPRODUCTION
VARIATION DIFFERENCES
HERITABILITY INHERITED TRAITS
DIFFERENTIAL
REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS DIFFERENT CHANCES OF SURVIVING, LEAVING OFFSPRING
SPECIES POPULATION OF ORGANISMS WHO CAN REPRODUCE OFFSPRING
SPECIATION DEVELOPMENT OF NEW SPECIES (DUE TO CHANGE IN ENVIRONMENT CODNITIONS ETC)
LECTURE 2
MENDELÆ HEREDITY
EXPERIMENT PEASÆ TALL VS. SHORT, GREEN VS. YELLOW (__Æ DOMINANT)
CONCLUSIONSÆ 3/$17$&55,(67:2&23,(62)³)$&7256´,)³%5(('758(´21(0$6.67+(27+(5
GENOTYPE TOTAL INHERITED TRAITS OF ORGANISM
PHENOTYPE PHYSICAL APPEARANCE OF AN ORGANISM
SOMATIC CELLS MOST CELLS IN BODY (NOT SEX)
GAMETES SEX CELLS
NUCLEUS HEREDITARY MATERIAL
CHROMOSOMES CONTAINS GENES
GENE CHEMICAL UNIT OF HEREDITY
ALLELE ONE MEMBER OF GENE PAIR
HOMOZYGOUS IDENTICAL GENES/ALLELES (YY, yy)
HETEROZYGOUS DIFFERENT GENES/ALLELES (Yy)
www.notesolution.com
MITOSIS DUPLICATES CHROMO PAIRS
MEIOSIS REPRODUCTIVE CELLS FORMED
DNA INSTRUCTIONS ENCODED IN CHEMICAL STRUCTURE
mRNA ACID USED TO COPY DNA FOR PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
RIBOSOME CELL STRUCTUREÆ MAKING PROTEIN
FORCES OF EVOLUTION
MUTATION NEW VARIATIONS IN POPULATION
NATURAL SELECTION PRODUCES ADAPTIONS
GENETIC DRIFT REDUCE VARIATION
GENE FLOW GENE PASSING
GENETIC RECOMBINATION SHUFFLING OF PARENT GENES
HYBRIDIZATION MATING OF 2 SPECIES
PHYLETIC GRADUALISM GRADUAL CHANGES IN GENE POOL
PUNCTUATED EQUILIBRIUM PERIODS OF ISOLATIONÆ MUTATION
NATURAL SELECTION 1) CHANGES IN REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS
2) SURVIVAL OF FAVOURABLE TRAITS (ADOPT BEST TO ENVIRONMENT)
PROTEIN BUILDING BLOCKS OF CELL
CODON GENETIC INFO ENCODED IN SEQUENCE (3 NUCLEOTIDES)
TRANSLATION TRANSFER OF RNA (tRNA): INTERFACE BETWEEN 2 AMINO ACODS OF PROTEIN & mRNA
TRANSCRIPTION SYNTHESIS OF mRNA= GENETIC INFOÆ RNAÆ CYTOPLASM
ANTI-CODON READS INFO IN mRNA BY BASE PAIRING
LECTURE 3
COMMON TRAITS
(CLASS) MAMMILIA DENSE FUR, WARM BLOODED, PRODUCE OFFSPRING
HEMEOTHERMY CONSTANT BODY TEMP (MAMMILIA)
PHYSICAL FEATURES
ABOREAL LIVING IN TREES
OMNIVORES EAT MEAT/LEAVES
MOLARS, PRE-MOLARS, INCISORS, CANINES
OPPOSABLE THUMBS
SOCIAL FEATURES
DUIRNAL ACTIVE DURING DAY
SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS MOTHER, OTHER ADULTS, SOCIAL GROUPS
PLAY, PRACTISE PHYSICAL/SOCIAL/LEARNING SKILLS
COMMUNICATION SOUND, ODOUR, BODY MOVEMENT, FACIAL EXPRESSION
PROSMINIANS PRE MONKEYS (SMELL/VISION)Æ LEMURS, LORISES, TARSIERS
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Description
LECTURE 1 LINNEAEUS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM OF LIVING THINGS LECLER & BUFFON EARTH IS OLDER THAN BIBLICAL TIMES, ANIMALS EVOLVED RATHER THAN SPONTANEOUSLY GENERATED LAMARCK ACQUIRED TRAITSCHARACTERISTICS DEVELOPED THROUGH USEDISUSE EX: LONG NECK GIRAFFES CUVIER CATASTROPHISM CHANGES IN THE EARTHS POPULATION (EX: NATURAL DISASTERS) HUTTON UNIFORMITARIANISM REPEATED UNIFORM PROCESS LYELL EARTH IS VERY OLD AND ALWAYS IN MOTION DARWIN STUDY ON FINCHES (BEAK SIZE) POPULATIONS EVOLVE DARWIN & WALLACE NATURAL SELECTION BEST SEPECIES ADOPTED TO ENVIRONMENT BEST CHANCES OF SURVIVINGREPRODUCING ALL SPECIES DESCEND FROM OTHER SPECIES DARWINS EVOLUTION 1) STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE 2) VARIATION IN FITNESS 3) INHERITANCE OF VARIATION SPENCER COINED SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST INTELLIGENT DESIGN SCIENCE CANNOT EXPLAIN LIFE ADAPTIVE TRAIT TRAIT THAT INCREASES CHANCES OF SURVIVAL REPRODUCTION VARIATION DIFFERENCES HERITABILITY INHERITED TRAITS DIFFERENTIAL REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS DIFFERENT CHANCES OF SURVIVING, LEAVING OFFSPRING SPECIES POPULATION OF ORGANISMS WHO CAN REPRODUCE OFFSPRING SPECIATION DEVELOPMENT OF NEW SPECIES (DUE TO CHANGE IN ENVIRONMENT CODNITIONS ETC) LECTURE 2 MENDEL HEREDITY EXPERIMENT PEAS TALL VS. SHORT, GREEN VS. YELLOW (__ DOMINANT) CONCLUSIONS !%##,$%: !,$ % #$,#%#& $.$%+ %+# GENOTYPE TOTAL INHERITED TRAITS OF ORGANISM PHENOTYPE PHYSICAL APPEARANCE OF AN ORGANISM SOMATIC CELLS MOST CELLS IN BODY (NOT SEX) GAMETES SEX CELLS NUCLEUS HEREDITARY MATERIAL CHROMOSOMES CONTAINS GENES GENE CHEMICAL UNIT OF HEREDITY ALLELE ONE MEMBER OF GENE PAIR HOMOZYGOUS IDENTICAL GENESALLELES (YY, yy) HETEROZYGOUS DIFFERENT GENESALLELES (Yy) www.notesolution.com
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