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term 1 test study guide detailed and simplistic to follow

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts

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Introduction to Anthropology
ANT 100 Y 1
Thursday September 16th, 2010
Definition: ZµÇ}(ZZ[}Z[[}oX
On the other hand, we are in an anthropological revolution where we are looking at our Western culture
ZZ[}Z[[Uvo]}vX
Four disciplines:
Biological/evolutionary anthropology: the application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of
morphology, ecology, and behaviour of human and non-human primates. It affects us every day through
vµoo]}vX/[o}}µZ]À]ÇZo](UZo]oÁ]v}(o](XdZ[(]À
disciplines:
Primatology: study of old and new primates.
Palenotological anthropology: DINOSAURS :D
Human Variation: We come in all shapes, sizes, hair colours, etc. On the other hand, there are
some trends.
Medical anthropology: What does it mean to be sick? Why do we have cancer? Why do we heart
disMtZÇZv[À}]}v}oÀZZ]vPM
Exploring the legal implication of being a forensic anthropologist.
Archaeology: Apparently the coolest? Very much associated with colonialism and the Enlightenment.
The discipline unfolded in the 18th century but the origins of it helped us interpret material history.
dZ[]]µ}(Z^uµµu_ÁÇ}(]vPZ}o}PÇX
Important words:
Excavate Artifact Ceramic site
Context Lithics radiocarbon dating Band/tribe/chiefdom
Feature Tradition material culture food production
Cave man hunting & gathering (]Z[ archaeological culture
Funerary customs complex society
www.notesolution.com
Linguistic & Semiotic: The study of language in culture and semiotic ways of communicating. Language
is nevvÁX/[o}ZµÇ}(µZZ]vPuZ}XdZµÇ}((oU}Z}Á}oÁ]ZÁ]
ideas are filtered out.
Social and cultural anthropology: Profile of the living people in terms of what they thought, believed,
did, expressed themselves in terms of art and organized their peoples. The study of the diversity of
people in the world as of the present and the recent past. Ethnography is the study of a society, the
ways they relate to one another, how they married, their religion, the economy, their ways of farming,
gender relations, etc. Some customs or practices may seem strange at first glance, but the point of this
]}v}(Z}µ]}ulZuoÆ}]X/[oo}µov]vPZ}ÁZÀ]}µ]Z
by culture influences.
Culture: The learned set of ideals and behaviours acquired by people in a society.
Essay questions:
x Look at a worldwide commodity, sugar, and describe the history and culture of it with reference
}ZoZUPv}oUoÀÇUl]vPUuZ}Y
x Prepare a kinship chart of your own family with at least three generations, assign a name to
everyone, put yourself in it, look at this set of relations and how they interact (when do people
eat together? Who exchanges crap?)
x Study of the culture within the society of chimps.
x Another BIO research topic focuses on question about validity of species designation for the
&o}(}]o~,}u}(o}]v]Uo}lv}Áv^Z}]_X
x Summarize the various aspects of the Stonehenge Riverside Project and describe how this
research is helping to shed new light on this important and complex time in European
prehistory.
x With reference to various specimens, your job in this paper will be to comment upon the
theories that have been put forward to explain the meaning and function of the Venus figurines.
}u}(ZZ}]v}v]^}µ}(Z]]u_vµi}U
ÁZ}Z]Ç}µZ^}i]À]Ç_}(Z}o}P]ovoÇ]MZµotoZÀXZ
figurines
Section Goals
1. Historical development of biological science
2. Diversity of life & natural processes produced this diversity
Evolutionary anthropology
Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology, ecology, and behaviour of
human and non-human primates.
5 research disciplines in evolutionary anthropology
www.notesolution.com
Primatology:
x Scientific study of monkeys
x W]uv}uÇU(]oµÇUÇZ}o}PÇY
x Primatologists seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical ecosystems.
Paleoanthropology:
x Multidisciplinary study of:
o Biological evolution of monkeys and humans
o Advent of and changes in human cultural activities
o Evolutionary
Human variation:
x Spatial and temporal variations in human features
Medical anthropology:
x How social, environmental and viological factors influence health and illness of people at the
community, regional and global levels.
Forensic anthropology:
x Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans
x Forensic anthropologists seek to determine age, sex, stature, ancestry , and any trauma or
disease of the deceased.
Major questions about humans and biology:
x How does evolution work and how does it apply to us?
x What are viological characteristics of our species
x What is physical record of our evolution? (paleo)
Stanley gathered few trophies racing slow rabbits.
State the problem
Gather info
Form a hypothesis
Test the hypothesis
Record and analyze data
State conclusion
Repeat the work.
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Introduction to Anthropology ANT 100 Y 1 Thursday September 16 , 2010 Definition: ZZ}ZZ[}Z[[}o: On the other hand, we are in an anthropological revolution where we are looking at our Western culture ZZZ[}Z[[7 Lo]]}L: Four disciplines: Biological/evolutionary anthropology: the application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of morphology, ecology, and behaviour of human and non-human primates. It affects us every day through LoZo ]}L:/[ZoZ}}Z]Z]Zo]7Zo]o]LZZZ}o]:@Z[Z] disciplines: Primatology: study of old and new primates. Palenotological anthropology : DINOSAURS :D Human Variation: We come in all shapes, sizes, hair colours, etc. On the other hand, there are some trends. Medical anthropology: What does it mean to be sick? Why do we have cancer? Why do we heart disZMJZZZL[}o]}LZ}oZZZ]L2ZM Exploring the legal implication of being a forensic anthropologist. Archaeology: Apparently the coolest? Very much associated with colonialism and the Enlightenment. th The discipline unfolded in the 18 century but the origins of it helped us interpret material history. @Z[Z ]]}Z^KZK_}]L2 Z}o}2: Important words: Excavate Artifact Ceramic site Context Lithics radiocarbon dating Band/tribe/chiefdom Feature Tradition material culture food production Cave man hunting & gathering ]ZZ[ archaeological culture Funerary customs complex society www.notesolution.com Linguistic & Semiotic: The study of language in culture and semiotic ways of communicating. Language is nevL:/[ZoZ}ZZ}Z ZZ]L2ZZKZ}Z:@ZZ}o 7}Z}}o]Z] ideas are filtered out. Social and cultural anthropology: Profile of the living people in terms of what they thought, believed, did, expressed themselves in terms of art and organized their peoples. The study of the diversity of people in the world as of the present and the recent past. Ethnography is the study of a society, the ways they relate to one another, how they married, their religion, the economy, their ways of farming, gender relations, etc. Some customs or practices may seem strange at first glance, but the point of this Z ]}L}Z }Z]Z}KlZZZKoZZ}] :/[Zoo}oL]L2Z}Z]}]ZZZ by culture influences. Culture: The learned set of ideals and behaviours acquired by people in a society. Essay questions: N Look at a worldwide commodity, sugar, and describe the history and culture of it with reference }ZoZ72L}oZ7Zo7l]L27KZ}; N Prepare a kinship chart of your own family with at least three generations, assign a name to everyone, put yourself in it, look at this set of relations and how they interact (when do people eat together? Who exchanges crap?) N Study of the culture within the society of chimps. N Another BIO research topic focuses on question about validity of species designation for the o}Z}ZZ]oZ~,}K}o}Z]LZ]Z7oZ}lL}LZ^Z}]Z_: N Summarize the various aspects of the Stonehenge Riverside Project and describe how this research is helping to shed new light on this important and complex time in European prehistory. N With reference to various specimens, your job in this paper will be to comment upon the theories that have been put forward to explain the meaning and function of the Venus figurines. ZZ}K}ZZZ}]Z L }LZ]^} Z}Z]]K_LZE }7 Z}ZZ]ZZ}Z^}E ]]_} Z}o}2] oLoZ]ZMZ oJo ZZ:Z figurines Section Goals 1. Historical development of biological science 2. Diversity of life & natural processes produced this diversity Evolutionary anthropology Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology, ecology, and behaviour of human and non-human primates. 5 research disciplines in evolutionary anthropology www.notesolution.com Primatology: N Scientific study of monkeys N 9]KL}K7]oZ7Z Z}o}2; N Primatologists seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical ecosystems. Paleoanthropology: N Multidisciplinary study of: o Biological evolution of monkeys and humans o Advent of and changes in human cultural activities o Evolutionary Human variation: N Spatial and temporal variations in human features Medical anthropology: N How social, environmental and viological factors influence health and illness of people at the community, regional and global levels. Forensic anthropology: N Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans N Forensic anthropologists seek to determine age, sex, stature, ancestry , and any trauma or disease of the deceased. Major questions about humans and biology: N How does evolution work and how does it apply to us? N What are viological characteristics of our species N What is physical record of our evolution? (paleo) Stanley gathered few trophies racing slow rabbits. State the problem Gather info Form a hypothesis Test the hypothesis Record and analyze data State conclusion Repeat the work. www.notesolution.com Early anthropologists Carolus Linnaeus, 1707-1778 st 1 comprehensive classification system for living things N Each living thing named separate species N On the basis of physical resemblances, species grouped into broader categories called genera (singular genus). Binomal nomenclature N First letter of genus is capitalized, like so: Homo N Species designations always lower case like so: sapiens. N Off-set text Linnaeus NOT an evolutionist ^ o-}-[Z> Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788) N Z[ZZ]Z}-Z]Z}~7:,E}]ZZ]Z }LK}ligious authorities! N Founded biogeography: despite similar environments, different regions have distinct plants and animals. Jean-Baptiste Lemarck N /LZ]L } ] Z ]Z] Z^]o} Z_]Z]L ZZoZK} environment N Acquired traits developed through use or disuse, passed on to future generations N Among first to formulate method for origination of new species through use or disuse of certain characters of organism Charles Darwin N Naturalist on HMS Beagle, scientific expediti}L}9 ]] }Z}^}ZK] 7oK}Z]L[ 2ZE} Z :]L[o]lZZZ}Z]ZL}Z N Observed incredible variety of living and especially fossilized creatures N Conclusion: no fixity of species and notion on short, catastrophic geological history for earth must be incorrect Variation important in evolution N Physical variety in any population or organisms N If variety provides advantage to certain individuals, then they may produce more offspring. N These offspring inherit beneficial variation, so they produce more offspring: variation norm of population. N Population may change, perhaps completely new & different species. How does adaptive change occur? www.notesolution.com
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