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ANT100Y1 Study Guide - Fossil, Natural Selection, Phenotype


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts

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BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY NOTES
Research Topics
oPrimatology
Study of primates, especially Homo Sapiens
Cross over the study of hominids which include all ape-like ancestors
oPaleoanthropology
Combines the disciplines of paleontology and physical anthropology
Study of ancient humans found in fossil hominid such as bones/foot
prints
oHuman variation
Term used to describe genetic diversity of humans, and represent the
total amount of genetic characteristics observed within human species.
Introduces the term (allele) : two or more forms of DNA sequence in
particular gene
Introduces the term (polymorphism): the occurrence of different
phenotypes exists in the same population of a species. It is also
heritable, and modified by natural selection.
oMedical anthropology
Field that studies human health and disease
Views human from multidimensional and ecological perspectives
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oForensic anthropology
Application of the science of physical anthropology (study of human
skeleton)
Methods
oTheory
Brings together natural and social science to understand society in its
complexity
To solve problems, and it is an open system that allow free flow of
process and interactions
oHypothesis
Proposed explanation for an observable phenomenon
oThe Scientific Methods
Quantitative Data
Numerical data
Data measured or identified on a numerical scale
Can be analyzed using statistical methods
Qualitative Data
Term used to describe certain types of information
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Can include well-defined aspects such as ( gender, nationality,
yes/no)
Based on subjective ideas, then turn into a scientific research
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
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Evolutionary concepts
oCarl Linnaeus
Father of modern taxonomy ( describing and naming species of living
or fossil organism)
Wrote Systema Natura
Briefly disscuss about a second human species called ‘Homo
troglodytes (cave-dwelling men)
Introduces the term mammalia to describe one of the
characteristics of mammals who nurse their young.
Linnean Taxonomy
Consists of 3 kingdoms : Regnum Animale, Regnum Vegetable,
Lapideum ( Animal, Vegetable, Mineral Kingdom)
Animals were classified according to their mode of movement
Binomial nomenclature
Carl introduces this term, which is a combination of genus name
and a second form which together identify each species of
organism
Ex : HOMO SAPIENS
oGeorges Louis Leclerc
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